unit 8 - SU 2 - Humor TOPIC PREVIEW n Look at the photos Do...

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Unformatted text preview: Humor TOPIC PREVIEW n Look at the photos. Do you find any of the photos funny? Why or why not? People are more likely to laugh when they hear other people laughing. Television producers have capitalized on this fact since the 19505 by adding laugh tracks. or recordings of people laughing, to comedy programs. When we hear others . laughing, we actually feel that the show is more humorous. 87 LESSON 1 8 Answer the question. Then read the article. How many times a day do you laugh? Do you believe that there are health benefits to laughter? What could people do to spend more time laughing? most doctors agree that laughter provides a number of health benefits. But the. challenge is to get people to start laughing. In 1995. Dr. Madan Kataria. a physician from Mumbai. India. came up with a solution: laughter clubs. He has said that the idea for a laughter club came to him “like a divine light." People join groups for all sorts of motivation. learning. and support. Why not to laugh? In the first few laughter club meetings. group members took turns telling jokes. But after a few weeks people had a hard time finding new jokes. Some started telling dirty and offensive jokes. So [)r. Kalaria revised his idea. He decided that the. club members needed to learn to laugh without any jokes or source of humor. Dr. Kataria developed a method of self-induced laughter. which he called laughter yoga. Explaining a little about the method. he said. "In a nutshell. laughter yoga is a combination of self- lnduced laughter. yoga exercises. yoga breathing. and stretching exercises.” llc adn‘sed. “Start with a large group —the bigger. the better." Each laughter club gathering starts with a deep- Laughter Clubs Make Health a Laughing Matter Dr. Malian Itan launder ol laughter yoga breathing exercise. followed by chanting the syllables ho-ho-ha-ha-ha. Members then participate in laughter exercises. or simulated laughter. An important part of this step is for group members to make eye contact with one another. Dr. Kataria explained. “With a little bit of playfulness it becomes real laughter.” And the laughter is contagious. Most group members said that at first it felt strange to laugh for no reason. But they got used to it. and they like Dr. Kataria‘s methods. The laughter yoga movement has spread quickly. There are now over 5,000 laughter clubs in 40 countries around the world. a Reread the article in Exercise 2. Underline three examples of direct speech and circle two examples of indirect speech. Then rewrite the sentences with direct speech as indirect speech. 1. 2. 3. 83 UNIT 8 A German psychologist, Dr. Michael Titze. conducted a study which showed that people today laugh less than they did 50 years ago. In his research, he found that in the 19503 people used to laugh 18 minutes a day, but today we laugh 6 minutes per day despite the huge rise in the standard of living. a Read the following comments from laughter club members. Rewrite each quotation in indirect speech. 1. One woman reported, "I’ve never laughed so hard in my life!" 2. A laughter yoga teacher advised me, "Let go of your inhibitions." 3. A man admitted, "l was laughing to the point of crying!" 4. A member announced, “Tomorrow we’ll meet at 10:00 in the park." 5. Before his first session, he thought, "I can't make myself laugh in front of other people." 6. An experienced member warned me, "You might feel a little uncomfortable at first." 7. After her first meeting, a woman said, "I’ll be here again next week." 8. Some laughter club members claim, "The group has changed our lives." 9. One doctor, who is also a club member, said, "I’m recommending laughter yoga to all my patients." Laughing rm! Inudfnr H) to I; minutes bums between H) and 40 calories. 1 e wmlinu on u rcmm's both I‘ 4 weight. this translates tn u pntvntiul "Wight loss (if uppru.\‘inmtcl_\ 2 kilograms a _wur {firm (In it ever) (ta). Humor 89 Look at the comic strip. Complete the characters’ conversation in your own way. Looks like a storm is Now rewrite the characters’ words as indirect speech. 1. The boy advised the pirate that there was a storm coming eweww LESSON 2 a Complete the conversation. Circle the correct words John: Hey, I have a new joke. Here goes . . . Which animal should you never trust? Audrey: Um, I don't know. Natalie: Wait! Don’t tell me. Um, . . . OK, I give up. John: The cheetah! Natalie: Ha! That went over my head. / That's in bad taste. / What a riot! That joke is hilarious. Audrey: That's a hoot. / I don't get it. / I've heard that one. Can you explain it? John: The word "cheetah" sounds like "cheater." You should never trust a cheater. Audrey: Oh. You know, that’s pretty lame / that tickled me / that's too much. I mean, it's really not that funny. 90 UNIT 8 Read the jokes. Identify the type of humor represented by each joke. Use the words from the box. Then rate each joke by checking the expression that best matches your own response. an anecdote -a—joke a limerick a pun a riddle A man at a grocery store witnessed a woman shopping with her three-year-old daughter. In the bakery section, the little girl asked For cookies. When her mother told her, “No,” she began to complain loudly. The mother simply said, “Now Monica, don’t get upset. We’re halfway done shopping, and soon we'll be finished." As the mother and daughter walked by the candy aisle, the little girl asked For candy. When her mother told her she couldn’t have any, the girl began to cry. The mother said, “Monica, don't cry. We're almost done shopping, and then we'll check out." At the register, the little girl asked For gum and lost her temper when her mother refused. The mother calmly said, “Monica, we're leaving in Five minutes and then you can go home and have a nice nap.” As the mother and daughter walked to their car, the man stopped to compliment the woman. “I noticed you were so patient with little Monica," he began. The mother replied, “My daughter’s name is Tammy. I’m Monica.” in poor taste lame over my head heard it already pretty good ariot 1, a joke A small boy swallowed some coins, so his parents took him to the hospital to have them removed. After a Few hours the boy's mother asked a nurse how he was doing. The nurse replied, “There's no change yet." in poor taste lame over my head heard it already prettygood ariot Humor 91 There once was a Fellow named Tim Whose dad never taught him to swim. He fell off a dock And sunk like a rock. And that was the end of him. in poor taste lame over my head heard it already pretty good a riot What two things can you never eat For breakfast? Jauugp pun qoum usually in poor taste lame over my head heard it already pretty good a riot Tony Randall, a Famous American actor, stopped in a shop one day to take a closer look at a tie he had seen in the window. The store manager was ecstatic to see the actor in his store and immediately called his wife. He dialed the phone and passed it to Mr. Randall, asking him to please say hello to her. “Otherwise, she'll never believe me!" the manager explained. Mr. Randall was so flattered by the manager's enthusiasm that he bought the tie along with several shirts. When he went to pay For his purchases, he realized that he didn't have enough cash and asked whether the manager would accept a check. The manager replied, “Do you have any identification?" in poortaste lame over my head heard it already pretty good ariot 92 UNIT 8 a What About You? Answer the questions in your own way. 1. Which of the jokes in Exercise 7 do you like the best? Why? 2. Which type or types of verbal humor do you usually prefer? Why? 3. Is there any type of humor that you don't usually like? Explain your answer. “If you’re too busy to LESSON :3 laugh. you’re too busy.” a Read the article. l'nkmmn Wfihw 9 Q There‘s a reason that people say “Stop me if you've heard this one" Want to nuke feofle lluflt.’ Then you've got before telling a joke. If your audience to know wlut'yfmmy. Her: ‘7; ‘ few fit; to already knows (or can guess) the end of a joke before 1;“! in min) {from ,9“ i, to mm, 59,,“ you tell it. then it's not going to make them laugh. funny bu“. People laugh at the end of a joke because they’ve been told a story and led toward its ending. (unconsciously) thinking about what will happen next or how it will end. When we hear something that wasn't what we were expecting. we find it funny. Surprise is pan of the reason that you want to learn to tell jokes without laughing. If you laugh. then your listeners expect you to say something funny. If you tell a joke without laughing or smiling. then they're more surprised when you get to the funny pan. Consider your audience. Your audience. whether it's your kids in your living room or a paying crowd at an auditorium. must be able to connect with any situation you describe in your jokes. If they can't relate to the joke. or il~ they don't completely understand it. then it's simply not funny to them. People love jokes that. based on their experience. make them say, "That's so true!" If you have to explain a joke to someone. Check your timing. they might eventually understand it. but they Another important pan of humor is timing. or probably won't think it's funny. delivering the punch line at the best possible This is the reason that many jokes don't moment. It's often useful to pause before telling the translate well into another language. They rely on last line of a joke. The reason is that this builds an understanding of a panicular culture. You can tension. The listener knows the end is coming and is translate the words but. without an appreciation waiting for it. When you finally tell the punch line. for the background. many translated jokes aren't the listener feels a sense of relief and is more very funny. inclined to laugh. Humor 93 Now reread the article. Answer the questions, according to the information in the article. Circle the letter. 1. Which of the following is not included in the article? a. an explanation of why people laugh b. advice on how to tell a joke c. an anecdote about a comic experience 2. What should you keep in mind when choosing an audience for your joke? a. that the humor of the joke be easy for someone of any culture to understand b. that the audience be able to relate to the situation described in your joke c. that the audience be able to understand your explanation, in case they don't get the joke 3. Why do people laugh when they hear the punch line of a joke? a. because the ending is unexpected b. because they can guess the ending before you say it c. because you laugh and smile while telling the joke 4. What is one technique to make a punch line funnier? a. speak quickly before the audience can guess the ending b. pause before the last line, to build suspense c. laugh, to indicate that the funny part is coming m Look at the examples of humor. If you can, explain the intended humor of each item in your own words. 1. Why do elephants have wrinkled feet? Because they tie their shoelaces too tight. It's funny because the punch line is a surprise The audience is expecting a scientific explanation. but instead they get the comic image of an elephant wearing shoes 2. A woman walked up to a little old man rocking in a chair on his porch. "I couldn‘t help noticing how happy you look," she said. "What's your secret for a long happy life?" "I smoke three packs of cigarettes a day,” he said. "I also drink ten cups of coffee a day, eat fatty foods, and never exercise." "That's amazing, " the woman said. "How old are you?" "Twenty-six," he said. 94 UNIT 8 Many comedians warn against analyzing humor too much. As American author. poet. and humorist E. B. White r .. ' -_'_. / once said. “Analyzing humor is like dissecting a frog. ’1’ Few people are interested and the frog dies of it." V ' LESSON 4 m Read about the practical jokes. Write a sentence about each one. Use the phrases in the box or your own words. There may be more than one correct answer. cross the line be in poor taste be a good sport can take a joke be the butt of a joke play a joke on someone Matt asked his Friend Adam to help him play a practical joke on Tricia, one of his co—workers. One day, as Matt and Tricia were waiting for their bus after work, Matt asked Tricia to keep an eye on his briefcase for a minute while he ran to a " nearby newsstand to buy the paper. Then Adam come i running by and “stole” the briefcase. When Matt returned, Tricia explained that someone had stolen the briefcase while she was supposedly watching it. Matt acted really angry and told Tricia that the briefcase contained something very valuable which he thought she should be responsible for replacing. Tricia refused to pay for anything. A few minutes later, Adam returned with the briefcase and the guys explained the joke. Tricia was angry that Adam frightened her and didn't speak to Matt for a week. 1, Adam and [Mew pl‘oycd c Joke on Tricia Humor 9 S Jane called a local pizza delivery place and ordered four ( large pizzas. She gave the name and address of her friend Mark. When the pizza was delivered to Mark's house, Mark was. of course, surprised and confused. The pizza delivery guy insisted that Mark pay for the pizzas. Finally Mark agreed, but he wasn't happy about it. The next day Jane called her friend and admitted to ‘ sending the pizzas. Mark didn't think the joke was very '1 funny since he'd had to pay for food that he didn't want. - fl. _7 r- / I .—-_ Jack glued a coin to the sidewalk near the steps of his , apartment. He sat down and watched people walking [ by stop to try to pick it up. When they realized that the coin was glued down, most people looked around to see if anyone was watching, and they looked a little embarrassed. Sue chose a phone number at random out of a telephone book. Through the course of an evening she called the number every half hour and asked to speak with Brian Carr, using a different voice for each call. Each time the woman who answered the phone insisted that Sue had the wrong phone number. After several calls, the woman began to get really annoyed. A few hours later, Sue's friend Bill called the same number. He explained to the woman that his name was Brian Carr and asked if there were any messages for him. When the woman realized the calls had been a joke, she couldn't help laughing. ,1” ‘ ' ‘ d." ,/ Do you find any of these practical jokes funny? Why or why not? 96 UNIT 8 What About You? Read the quotations. Choose one and summarize its meaning in your own words. Do you agree with the point of view expressed? Explain your answer. “it is the ability to take a joke. not make one, that Proves you have a sense oi humor.” —Max Eastman (American journalist and author) ’ P. _- “Life does not stop being fun,ij when. someom dies, 0mg more than. it stops being serious when. someone Laughs." . O . —George Bernard Shaw (Irish dramatist and literary critic) /-‘ /. r——-r —"_- .__—-——~ / _/" “Humor is a rubber sword—it allows you to make a point without drawing blood." ‘ .f - -1 ’— /~ /-~_ ,__, ___~./"'—~ _/ ( "The human race has one really effective weapon, and that is laughter. i —Mark Twain (American author and humorist) _/ J. f ,..—— ,_ /""‘ What About You? In your opinion, when does a joke cross the line? Write a short paragraph. Consider some of the ideas below, or use your own. Give at least one example to explain your opinion. 0 if it is intended to make someone feel bad 0 if it embarrasses someone 0 if it causes damage to personal property 0 if it offends someone 0 if the person who is the butt of o if someone gets hurt the joke doesn't laugh 97 Humor 1 i l —Mary Hirsh (American humorist, author, teacher) ’1 ‘J Grammar Booster B Read the conversation in direct speech. Then complete the sentences in indirect speech. Circle the correct words or phrases. Buck: Have you heard the weather report? Henry: It's supposed to be cold tomorrow. Buck: Well, it'll be like every other day this week then. Henry: Yeah, I’m tired of the cold weather. Buck: Me, too. I can't wait for spring. Buck asked if Henry has heard / had heard the weather report. Henry said that I am / he was tired of the cold weather. FPS-“l”? Buck agreed and said he didn't wait I couldn’t wait for spring. '3 Read the short conversations and complete the sentences in indirect speech. Then circle all the changes in nouns, pronouns, and possessives in the indirect speech sentences. Stan: Stop me if you've heard the joke. Will: I'll tell you if I know it. 1. Stan said *0 5*0!" @if had heard the joke. 2. Will answered that Wou’d ’2” if knew it. Maya: When can I expect to receive the finished report? Ross: Actually, it's on your desk. I left it there earlier. 3. Maya asked when she to receive the finished report. 4. Ross replied that it on her desk. He said he Kellie: What are you doing this weekend? Is anything interesting going on? Chris: I don’t know. I haven’t heard about anything big. Kellie: Well, give me a call if you want to do something. 5. Kellie asked Chris what he on. 6. Chris said he . He told Kellie he 7. Kellie told Chris her a call if he Angie: Will you be able to meet us for dinner? Henry said it was / had been supposed to be cold the next day / that day. Buck replied that it would be / would have been like every other day that week / last week. it there earlier. that weekend. She asked if anything interesting about anything big. to do something. Grace: I’m not sure. I'll have to check my schedule. I’ll call you later to let you know. 8. Angie asked whether she to meet them for dinner. 9. Grace replied that she sure. She said she schedule. She told Angie that she 98 UNIT 8 her later to let her know. to check her Rewrite each of the following sentences in indirect speech. 1. Jackie asked Beth, "When did you see Barbara?" 2. Seth asked me, "Can you make it to dinner on Tuesday?" 3. The teacher ordered the boy, "Put your books on your desk." 4. John promised her, "You won’t be disappointed." S. The patient admitted, "I haven't filled my prescription yet." 6. My mom told me, "Don't put too much sugar in my coffee." 7. Heather asked her sister, "Do you want to go shopping with me?” Humor 99 Writing: Write a story that includes dialogue Step 1 . Prewriting. Ordering events. Think about a joke or story that you can tell. You don't have to choose a funny story. It can be something that you’ve experienced, or it can be something you’ve heard about, read, or seen in a movie or on television. On a separate sheet of paper, write a list of the main events that happened. Then make sure the events are in the correct order. Step 2. Writing. On a separate sheet of paper, write the story, telling what happened and what people said. Use a combination of direct and indirect speech. Each time you use the direct speech of a new speaker, begin a new paragraph. Step 3. Self-Check. E] Did you use both direct and indirect speech in your story? D Did you punctuate direct and indirect speech correctly? D Did you make appropriate shifts in tense, pronouns. and expressions of time and place in indirect speech when needed? 100 UNIT 8 ...
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unit 8 - SU 2 - Humor TOPIC PREVIEW n Look at the photos Do...

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