unit 9 - SU 2 - W What lies ahead? TOPIC PREVIEW [I Read...

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Unformatted text preview: W What lies ahead? TOPIC PREVIEW [I Read the advertisements for innovative technologies. Then answer the questions in your own way. Wish you ll um time? Add 8 hours to your gall- 0- P- Laboratory is currently The average person spends one-third of °°"d“°"“9 Ma's 0" a "9" his or her life sleeping. imagine if you “’9 "'3‘ °°mp'°t°'y °"'"i"a'°5 could reclaim all that time by making sleep "w "ad for human 5'9”! unnecessary! Just think of all the extra time you‘d have available to: work extra hours and make more money catch up on all those projects around the house relax with family and friends enjoy hobbies and leisure activities www.0olahoratoru.oom 3- Under the Sea Development Company is redefining the idea oi "living space.” We're currently developing the world's first underwater city. complete with a school system, hospital. and a large shopping and entertainment district. Visit us at W and learn how we're giving people a whole new idea about the place they call home. 101 leave the driving to us! Himoshi Motors is about to change the way you think about driving forever. Introducing the world's first auto-pilot car! The AutoCar is self-guided and selfdriven. You just input the start and destination locations. Then the AutoCar maps out the route and actually drives you. obeying all traffic signals and relying on sensors that "see" and "hear" other vehicles and respond accordingly. Interested in seeing the prototype for yourself? Check out www.himoshimotogautocar.com. Travel through time with your very own Time Machine! Just imagine being ab|e to: go back in time to change the way you handled a situation see how your parents really acted when they were young give your kids a firsthand history lesson they'll never forget look into die future to see the consequences of your choices and decisions Call today for your free information kit. 555-8460 . Which invention, if any, do you think is the most far-fetched? Why? . Which invention, if any, do you think is not so far off? Why? . Which invention do you think would be most beneficial to people? Why? Do you think any of these inventions might be harmful to people or society? Explain your answer. 102 UNIT 9 LESSON ‘I a Read the predictions about future technologies. Circle the passive forms. 1. According to some scientists, the need for humans to pgrigmjgngerous tasks such as firefighting will be T'eliminatedijin the not-so-distant future. These scientists predict that soon robots are going to be relied on to do jobs that could be unsafe for humans. They hope that before too long dangerous work environments will have been made a thing of the past. a robot used to find and dispose of bombs In 10 years, your old print newspaper will have been replaced by an e-paper—a thin, flexible display that looks and feels like a newspaper but is entirely electronic. Forget about your morning walk to the mailbox—the news will be downloaded automatically each morning to your e-paper. The news and advertisements you receive will even be customized to match your interests and location. No need to skip through the pages of the paper that you aren't interested in! an e-paper 3. Within 20 years, the daily commute to work will have been replaced by a short walk from the bedroom to the study. Although face-to-face meetings will still be valued, the majority of people’s work will be done in offices in their own home. The need for companies to provide large amounts of office space for employees will be eliminated, and employees won't have to spend time or money to get to their workplace. an employee at work in a home office a What About You? Which of the predictions in Exercise 2 is most interesting or exciting to you? Why? What lies ahead? 1 03 a Complete the sentences. Use the words in parentheses and the passive voice to express the future, the future as seen from the past, or the future perfect. There may be more than one correct answer. 1. Because of an increase in automated jobs, fewer people Will be needed (need) by manufacturers in the future. 2. In 1970, a telephone that offered both sound and video was developed. Company executives confidently predicted that 3 million of these Picturephone sets (sell) by 1980. However, the Picturephone was a flop. 3. Before the next big outbreak of disease, we hope that emergency plans (make) and precautions (take) by governments. the Picturephone 4. Experts now say that hydrogen fuel cells (accept) as an alternative source of energy within 20 years. 5. By the time the average person can travel into outer space for recreation, many trips (make) to all the planets in our solar system. 6. At the turn of the century, few people ever thought that in 20 years the horse (replace) by the automobile as the primary means of transportation. 7. In 1961, U.S. president John F. Kennedy made the bold promise that a man (send) to the moon before the end of the decade. a Rewrite the sentences. Change the underlined part of each sentence from the active to passive voice. Include a fix phrase if necessary. 1. Within the next 50 years, scientists will introduce technologies that we can't even imagine now. within the next 50 years. technologics that We can? even imagine now will be introduced 2. By the year 2050, people will have accepted inventions that seem incredible now as a common part of life. 3. I thought a secretary would answer the phone, not the boss. 4. At this time tomorrow, the courier will have delivered the package. 5. Because of its global themes, audiences all over the world are going to appreciate thefilm. 6. After years of war, government leaders will announce news of the peace treaty. 1 04 UNIT 9 a Make predictions in the passive voice about what will or won't be done in the future. Explain your opinions. Use ideas from the box or your own ideas. achieve world peace increase food production control the weather protect the environment discover new energy sources provide education for all children establish one international language reduce costs of medication 1- In my opinion. the costs of medication won't be reduced for a long time Drug companies are making too much money. and they have a lot of power LESSON 2 Put the conversation in the correct order. Write the number on the line. Because it's a slippery slope. No one knows how this new technology is going to be applied. 7 You know, they say that new technologies are going to totally change the way we live our lives. True. Sometimes technology develops faster than people can decide how it should be used. Do you really feel that way? How come? If you ask me, I think that sounds a little frightening. What lies ahead? 1 05 a Match each innovative technology with a possible application. Write the letter on the line. Technology Application 1. computer chip implants a. Saving endangered species: Genetic material taken . . . . . from an animal at risk of extinction could be used 2. artificial intelligence . . to create exact copies of the animal. 3. genetic engineering . b. Long-distance health care: A doctor in a hospital in 4. cloning . . New York could perform an operation on a patient 5. remote surgery who is in an operating room in Moscow. c. Increasing food production: The genes of a plant could be manipulated in a laboratory so that it grows to three times its normal size. d. Storing medical records: Medical workers could instantly get a patient‘s complete medical history just by waving an electronic device over his Or her arm. e. A car that drives itself: A built—in computer could take complete control of the car, eliminating the need for a human driver. a What About You? Answer the questions in your own way. 1. Choose one of the innovative technologies in Exercise 8 or another technology you know about. What are some possible applications for this technology? Technology: Applications: 2. What are some pros and cons to this type of technology? 3. What's your final opinion of the technology? Do the potential benefits outweigh the potential problems? Why or why not? 106 UNIT 9 m Complete the passive unreal conditional sentences. Use the correct forms of the words in parentheses. 1. . If the severe side effects of the drug Can you imagine having a computer chip put inside your body? According to one company that makes computer chip implants, that reality might not be too far away. The company claims that cases of identify fraud mIght/would be reduced (reduced) if implants were used (use) for identification. At the present time, human cloning is illegal in this country. But some people argue that it should be allowed. They say that if human cloning (permit), information about how certain illnesses develop (learn) from cloning diseased cells. (make) public, patients (warned) about them by their doctors. But the company hid the information, causing many people unnecessary pain and suffering. It seems like the possible future applications of innovative technologies are endless. For example, if the technology (develop) further, computer chip implants (use) instead of keys. Imagine waving your computer- chipped hand at your front door to open it instead of inserting a key to unlock it. . A number of soldiers were wounded in an attack far from any hospitals. If remote surgery (use) to treat their injuries, many lives (save). . Several non-governmental organizations are working to achieve equal rights for all people. The organizations' supporters say that if equal rights (grant) to all people, opportunities for a new way of life (create) for them. . In the past, consumers didn't know a lot about the dangers of certain genetically modified foods, so they were popular. If consumers (inform) about the dangers, then the foods (not buy). m Complete the passive unreal conditional statements. Use the correct forms of the words in parentheses and your own ideas. 1. 2. 3. 4. If computer chip implants (use) instead of credit cards, If companies (allow) to clone human beings, If the Internet (not / developed), If the automobile (introduce) sooner, What lies ahead? 1 07 LESSON 3 m Look at the graphs. Then read the statements. Check true or false, according to the information. World Population Distribution by Region, 1800—2050 \0 S;- °\° 82 o\° o no ‘7. as i 3 m 3 2’. °\° N Q \° 51' °o. . a $ .,\° " o\ o F. st ". ui In q' _ W Europe North America Asia °\° ox° g g °\° o\° an \O a? '- \° o\° O P. o' ‘3— 1! o 3.. “'2 00' an F 00' o\° a" o\° o\ N' V N st in u) _ o o o 0 Latin America Africa Oceania - 1800 - 1900 - 2000 - 2050 true false 1. The percentage of population increase from 2000 to 2050 [:1 [:1 is expected to be greater in Africa than the percentage of population increase in Latin America. 2. The largest percentage of the world’s population is expected E] E] to live in Asia in 2050. 3. Latin America is the only region to show a consistent increase [3 E] in its percentage of the world’s population. 4. North America made the greatest increase in its percentage of E] [:1 the world’s population in the last century. 108 UNIT 9 Read the article. Then complete each statement, according to the information in the article. Circle the correct word or phrase. Population Growth: Four Stages of Development Worldlssues.o ” '8 Population experts studying global population trends have identified four stages that nations experience as they become more developed. In the first stage. both birth and mortality rates are high, so there is little overall growth of the population. Civilization subsisted in this stage for most of human existence. moving into the next stage only within the last 300 years. In the second stage. improvements in technology and standards of living result in decreasing modality rates. But the birthrate at this time remains high. so there is a large population growth. Most less-developed Asian and African countries are presently in this stage. In the third stage. birthrates decrease. resulting in a slower growth rate (if there is any growth at all) in the overall population. This is the case in several European countries. North America. Australia. and Japan, among other places. A few developed countries. such as Germany and Italy. have now entered the fourth stage of development. In these countries. the fertility rates have dropped so low that mortality rates are actually higher than birthrates. resulting in a decline of overall population. 1. In the first stage of development, birthrates are low / high and mortality rates are low / high. 2. In the second stage of development, birthrates are lower than / higher than I the same as before and mortality rates are lower / higher / the same. 3. In the third stage of development, birthrates are lower than I higher than / the same as in the second stage. Mortality rates at this time are lower than / higher than I the same as in the second stage of development. 4. Canada is in the first / second / third stage of development. 5. Birthrates in Germany are high / low. 6. A country generally experiences its largest population growth in the first I second / third / fourth stage. Today it is estimated that 4.4 people are born in the world every second. For an up-to~date estimate of the world's current population, check out w 1 lk. What lies ahead? 1 09 LESSON 4 m Match the numbered vocabulary with a real-life example. Write the letter on the line. 1. 2 3 4. 5 nonrenewable resource a. consumption renewable resource b. geothermal energy pollution c. chemicals from a factory, which leak into a nearby river natural energy sources such as sunshine, wind, and moving water fossil fuels such as oil, coal, and natural gas d. heat and steam from deep inside the Earth, which can be used to heat homes e. 83 million barrels: the amount of oil that the world uses in one day [B Read the article. 110 UNlT9 TIIE WAVE 0F TIIE FUTURE Must nl us :lll‘ amm- Ilml Ilic (Ins and “‘1ch III." “1- (MW IlNI;l\ ‘.llt' INHH'IlTI In .I Irsnim c III." M“ (-wnlunlh Ix- Iisul up. 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IIIIIiIu- gusnlim'. is ;I «Ivan i-Iu-igs snuu I' llml (Ili('\ nnI H'It'uM' Imrnillll gust-s iuIn Ilu- nil; Bu illlM‘ III'ZVs usi‘ nnI\ IiuII us much gnsnlinr .Ls ImiliIinnul u-Iiii‘lt‘s. lIlt'\ (Ii-ult- .llmul II.III'.Is mm Il pnllulinn. .\Iul'('u\t‘l‘, IIN' cln II'I( iI\ list-(I In III".\'s (‘illl Iw gi'm'l‘IIII-il In H'llt'\\'i|I)I(‘ I'I-snul'i (-s sIu‘II as snlni .Iml gi-nIIu-I'Inal (-m-I‘gx. Il \‘nu'ri- sliII nnl (nm'iIIu-(l Ilml III‘IVs .Il't' .l gnnrl nplinn. III(‘II i'nns'iili-I’ lIM‘ lx-I'snnul :quInlngi-s In busing IIIis Ispc nl \(‘III(I(‘. Firsl nl .III. III"\’s .Il'(‘ gmu-mlh nnls sliglills Iiinn- i-xlwnsiu- lIi.iIi ll1I(IllIUIl'.lI .IlllillllHI)iI('\ \l'iIIi gas prim-s rising .iIInnsI lI.llI\. inmgim' Ilu- gas in snui l.|| l.Iiniig \nu l\\'I((' as lung. Ynii (UlIIli (lll \nuI gas (-slic-nsvs in IIIIII. III :IcIrliIinn. snlllt' gnx'crnnu‘nls llIIt'l' spu‘iul Ins (It‘lIIlt'IIlHlS In «much III I II‘iVs. .\Insl lll.liUl'(ill'lllilIu'h aiu- Him |)l'(KIll(’ill).{ Inliliil nplinns nl snIm- nI lIIt‘il' InnsI lXIlNlIill' \(‘Illt Il' ilInIli-Is. ILN-II nil III('I| ginning IXIIHIIJI'IIV. il Innks IiLt- IIICVs In.i\ Ix’ IIH‘ m-xl lug Illing in ll".ll|s|)ul‘l.lllnll II-(Ininlnm. Now complete the statements according to the information in the article on page 110. Circle the letter. 1. It's important that people reduce their consumption of a. geothermal energy b. pollution c. nonrenewable resources 2. Hybrid vehicles get their power from a. waste b. solar energy c. more than one source 3. HEVs help protect the environment because a. they are powered by nonrenewable resources b. they reduce pollution c. they are made from recycled materials 4. Vehicles powered by both electricity and gasoline a. don't create air pollution b. are more efficient c. are cheaper to buy than traditional cars 5. Drivers of HEVs have to fill up their gas tanks drivers of traditional vehicles. a. more frequently than b. twice as often as c. half as often as m What About You? Answer the questions in your own way. Would you consider buying a hybrid car? Do you think that they will become popular in your country? Why or why not? aluminum can be What lies ahead? 1 1 1 Grammar Booster a Read the following sentences. Write A if the sentence is active or _P if it is passive. Circle the passive verbs. 1. Laws to protect the environment must be passed by the legislature. 2. If the company’s policy isn't working, then the managers should change it. 3. The president was interviewed by a famous reporter whose articles have been published in magazines around the world. Citizens must show identification in order to vote. The party will be attended by government officials and other dignitaries. After years of failed attempts, the scientist finally discovered the formula. A number of articles have been written on the topic. 9°?‘9‘P'P First sketches of the designs are made, then samples are constructed. E Complete each sentence. Circle the correct word or phrase in each pair. 1. My hair had been cut / had cut right before that picture took I was taken. 2. After the apples pick / are picked, workers wash / are washed them in cold water. 3. Managers have reduced / have been reduced prices on everything in the store. 4. A number of possible solutions will be discussed I will discuss at the conference. 5. Caution should be taken / should take when storing all household cleaners. Parents must be kept / must keep all hazardous materials out of children's reach. 6. The winner will announce / will be announced later tonight on a special two-hour program. Rewrite each sentence in the passive voice. Include a by phrase if necessary. 1. Researchers have conducted numerous studies on the topic. 2. First the chef chops onion, basil, and tomatoes. Then he combines all the ingredients. 3. Patients should take this medication with food to avoid stomach discomfort. 4. The judges declared Patricia Marks the winner of the country's largest singing contest. They awarded her a check for $100,000 and gave her a new car. 5. Passengers must provide tickets and identification before boarding. 6. Members of the health board, who make sure that restaurants meet state health standards, visited The Good Table Café. 112 UNIT9 _————————-—‘..H— - V '— v—_ ...___.—.__._.—__-_. .... -7- Writing: Write an essay about life in the future Step 1. Prewriting. Planning ideas. Choose a topic and write a thesis statement. Thesis statement: Possible topics about life in the ‘ future: .—7 , ' New technologies _ _ _ , , _ _ ' New uses for existing technologies ° Future pOpulation trends ' The environment ' Your own topic: On a separate sheet of paper, make an outline to plan the body paragraphs of your essay. Write a topic sentence for each paragraph you plan to write. Follow each topic sentence with a list of supporting examples. Step 2. Writing. On a separate sheet of paper, write an essay about the topic you chose in Step 1. Follow your outline. Use your thesis statement and topic sentences. Develop your supporting examples. Don’t forget to include an introduction and a conclusion. Refer to the writing model on Student's Book page 108 for an example. Step 3. Self-Check. D Does your thesis statement announce what the essay will be about? [:1 Does the body of the essay give sufficient support for your point of view? C] Does your conclusion summarize the main points of your essay and restate its thesis? What lies ahead? 1 1 3 ...
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unit 9 - SU 2 - W What lies ahead? TOPIC PREVIEW [I Read...

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