second half - The Bureaucracy 1. The purpose of the...

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The Bureaucracy 1. The purpose of the bureaucracy is to successfully organize the government in more specialized departments and agencies to make the government run more efficient. They also got rid of the spoils system that was popular during the Jacksonian Era by using the merit principle of getting jobs because of hard work and tenure. 2. Andrew Jackson was seen as the first president that really started using the spoils system. This system ran on the ideal that if a person helped out the president or anyone running for a political position, the winner of the office would in turn award them a place in their office. This was unfair because often times, the people weren’t even qualified to take the position. The bureaucracy has helped to limit it because it makes people take merit tests so to see if the workers are truly qualified for the job. 3. The civil service is a system of hiring people using the merit principle. Workers have to take entrance exams so that they can have workers that are competent in skills and talent. That way, things run much smoother in the government. 4. Although there has been a real push to incorporate historically disadvantaged groups into the bureaucracy, women and non-whites are still towards the bottom of the spectrum in population. For the most part, the workers are white and middle aged men. They average 47 years in age, with 55% being male, 69% white but only 41% being college graduates. 5. Departments of State, Treasury, Defense, Justice, Interior, Agriculture, Commerce, Labor, Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, Health and Human Services, Energy, Education, Veterans Affairs, Homeland Security. Every head of the department is called the Secretary of (Department name) except for the Department of Justice which is headed by the attorney general. 6. An independent regulatory agency has a responsibility for some part of the economy. They also create and enforce laws that would serve for the public good. Examples are the: Federal Reserve Board- govern banks, Federal Communications Commission- Radio and TV, and the Securities and Exchange
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2012 for the course ENGLISH 101 taught by Professor Mills during the Spring '11 term at CSU Pueblo.

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second half - The Bureaucracy 1. The purpose of the...

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