ps07 - Statistics 403 Problem Set 7 Due in lab on Friday,...

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Unformatted text preview: Statistics 403 Problem Set 7 Due in lab on Friday, November 5th 1. Suppose we are planning to studying a treatment for depression. We will obtain base- line depression scores X i , i = 1 ,..., 30 on a set of research subjects. Three months later, after the treatment is complete, we will obtain a new set of depression scores Y i , i = 1 ,..., 30 on the same subjects. We anticipate that the treatment will reduce average depression scores by 1 . 6 raw units. For power analysis, we assume that the pre-treatment measures will have a standard deviation of 3 units, the post-treatment measures will have a standard deviation of 2 units, and the pre-treatment and post- treatment measures will be correlated 0 . 4 with each other. (i) What is the power for detecting the anticipated effect of 1 . 6 units when using a paired t-test; (ii) What would the power be if we used an unpaired t-test? Solution: The standard deviation of the D i = X i- Y i values is q var( X ) + var( Y )- 2cov( X,Y ) = 3 2 + 2 2- 2 . 4 3 2 = 2 . 86 . Thus the expected test statistic under the paired analysis is ET = 30 1 . 6 / 2 . 86 = 3 . 1 . This gives us a power of P ( T > 2) = P ( Z > 2- ET ) = P ( Z >- 1 . 1) = 0 . 86 . Under the unpaired analysis, the expected value of the test statistic is ET = E X- Y q 2 X / 30 + 2 Y / 30 = 1 . 6 q 3 2 / 30 + 2 2 / 30 = 2 . 43 , and the variance of the test statistic is var( T ) = var X- Y q 2 X /n + 2 Y /n = n 2 X + 2 Y var( D ) 1 = n 2 X + 2 Y 2 X + 2 Y- 2cov( X,Y ) n = 2 X + 2 Y- 2cov( X,Y ) 2 X + 2 Y = 13- 2 . 4 3 2 13 . 63 ....
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ps07 - Statistics 403 Problem Set 7 Due in lab on Friday,...

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