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SampleExamWithAnswers - Sample AHTG Test Questions 1. A...

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Sample AHTG Test Questions 1. A free market or capitalism exists insofar as: (A) experts managing the nation’s commerce are appointed by elected officials. (B) individual citizens create, exchange, and control goods and resources. (C) charity, philanthropy, and volunteering decrease. (D) demand and supply are decided through majority vote. (E) government implements policies that favor businesses over consumers. Markets are organized around one simple premise, that voluntary exchange or trade makes both parties better off. A pure market system is free of any central planning authority, and assumes that people are self-interested. A market economy assumes that by appealing to self-interest we can all get what we want out of the market economy. See City upon a Hill pages 294-295. 2. John Locke wrote his Second Treatise on Government to justify which of the following events? (A) The signing of the Declaration of Independence (B) The formation of the Constitution of the United States (C) The Glorious Revolution in England (D) The English Civil War (E) The founding of the Church of England John Locke wrote his Second Treatise in 1688 and it was formally published just after the Glorious Revolution. (Specific dates are not usually important, but it is important to know the sequence of events and what led to what.) The Whig party in England in the 1680s opposed the king, but on what grounds? John Locke wrote his treatises on government to address the question of rulers and their claim to authority. His ideas became very influential during the American Revolution and are clearly seen in the Declaration of Independence. (See City Upon a Hill pages 31-34.) 3. Which fundamental political idea is expressed in the Declaration of Independence? (A) The government should guarantee every citizen economic security. (B) The central government and state governments should have equal power. (C) If the government denies its people certain basic rights, that government can be overthrown. (D) Rulers derive their right to govern from God and are therefore bound to govern in the nation’s best interest. The writings of John Locke expressed the idea of natural rights being those rights that all men are born with and that should be protected by a fair and just government. Locke called for “Life Liberty and Property” as natural rights. Jefferson borrowed this idea for incorporation into the Declaration of Independence. The idea of throwing off the government if they are not protecting certain basic rights was expressed by John Locke in his Second Treatise on Government and echoed by Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence .
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4. The king of Pandora and its parliament have passed new laws that levy tariffs on the imports from certain countries. This has caused there to be more exports from the country than there are imports coming in. The country of Pandora is most clearly
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2012 for the course AHTG 100 taught by Professor Pope during the Winter '08 term at BYU.

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SampleExamWithAnswers - Sample AHTG Test Questions 1. A...

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