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Critical analysis of the Socio-cultural model of addictionIntroductionAccording to the sociocultural model, the cultural standards of a society and the negativeeffects of culture and society on individual behavior, cause addiction. Many cultural standardsare quite subtle but the effect is powerful nonetheless. For example, people in the United Statesnot only tolerate intoxication, but also consider it humorous. Audiences find it entertaining whentelevision sit-coms, movies, and comedians depict intoxicated characters in a humorous manner.Furthermore, in many states the police may arrest you for drunk driving several times before anysevere consequence occurs. Contrast this to a hypothetical society that executes its' citizens for asingle instance of drunk driving. This rather extreme example illustrates addiction arises becauselarger systems permit it. The following paper will focus on the socio-cultural model of addiction.Analysis of the socio-cultural model of addictionBuser & Lassiter (2019) noted that addiction is repeated involvement with a substance oran activity, despite the substantial harm it now causes, because that involvement was pleasurable.Addiction may also be an effect of culture. Most impoverished communities have feweropportunities to advance in life and experience higher crime rates. Lacking basic safety andopportunities for a better life, boredom and frustration run high. Daily living becomes stressful asday-to-day survival becomes more challenging. These circumstances create an environment thatallows addiction to flourish. Current and ongoing research has even identified genetic markersthat make certain people predisposed for substance abuse disorders. However, while addiction1
can be physiological in origin, the fact remains that there are also many cultural and socialfactors that cause and cultivate addiction in many.Models and Theories of addictionPsychological or Character Logical ModelThis model of addiction concentrates on what takes place in order for a person to startusing substances. This model emphasizes that biology does not cause a person to take that firstdrink or line of cocaine. It must be psychologically motivated. This construct views everyone asbeing vulnerable to addiction. According to this theory, a character defect and a learned behavioris addiction. An abnormal character or personality trait is what causes a person to becomedependent on chemicals (Fetting, 2011). There are degrees of personal and psychological defectsthat pre dispose an individual to these “addictive personality” traits. Poor impulse control,ineffectual coping mechanism to stress, being manipulative, portraying a big ego, and having to