Frontiero v RichardsonSharron Frontiero, a female lieutenant in the United States Air Force, sought housing and medical benefits, and increased quarters allowances for her husband on the ground that he was her “dependent.” These benefits would have automatically been granted to a wife of a male Air Force member, but Frontiero had to prove her husband’s dependence through an application which she was denied because she failed to demonstrate that her husband was dependent on her for more than one-half of his support. The question for this decision is whether the difference in treatment of male and female Air Force Members constitutes an unconstitutional discrimination against servicewomen in violation of the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment. Brown v Board of Education of Topeka KansasA class action suit was filed by thirteen parents of Topeeka, Kansas against the Board of Education of that city on behalf of their twenty children to call for the school district to reverse its policy of racial segregation.
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Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, class action suit