Final Study Guide

Final Study Guide - Final Study Guide Victorian Era What is...

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Final Study Guide Victorian Era What is Victorian Poetry -Immediately after Romanticism -No more pre-love experiments, or freedom of evolutionary thought -Now poetry of the dignified human Mill’ “What is Poetry?” -Anything can become poetry -Take something and color it with emotion -Asocial Socialibility: Incommunicative, pulling into privitization -Paint the human soul truly -Poetry is individual, spiritual, overheard…no actual audience -Fiction is society, material, heard…there is an audience Tennyson’s “The Lady of Shalott” -She is cursed: solitude -Looks through mirrors and weaves tapestries of all that she sees -When she breaks spell: looks at the real world and dies -Puts on wedding dress and drifts down the river to Camelot -Lancelot says G-d has mercy on her soul -Represents exterior life that she is not participating in -VICTORIAN because she has desire to break out of tower -Does opposite of Mills -Figures of imprisonment: tower, curse, web EB Browning’s “Poets and the Present Age” -Understand past by living past it -Produce a historical understanding -“double vision”: see both past and future EB Browning’s “Mother and Poet” -A woman’s children are her art Different view than Mill, but still poetry is essential for civilization! Robert Browning… -Dramatic lyric First person poem in character, but ability to communicate with others Distance between author and speaker NOT solitary reflection “Porphyria’s Lover” -Author is NOT the speaker -Psychotic: kills lover -Allows reader to critique it from a distance -It’s ok because “G-d has not said a single word”…acts as justification “My Last Duchess” -Speaking to the servant of the woman of the family he’s planning to marry…she’s unnamed. -Dowry is what he will obtain as result of the marriage contract -Painting of dead wife on the wall
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“Fra Lippo Lippi” -Based on a real, Itallian Renaissance painter -Reflects his art and personal and artistic failings -The artist breaks from his tower -Monk and art -Accosted by nightwatch -Breaks away from “tower” because of erotic desire of the “sporting ladies” -Dualism: body and soul, artist reveals the soul by painting the body -Dramatic monologue is complex Difficulty of knowing oneself, unreliable subjectiity “Andrea del Sarto” Modernism What is Modernism? -From a feeling of dissatisfaction at the end of the 19 th century -A desire for change -Crisis of industrialism - Fragmentation (cubism) Multiple perspective No more single point of view Reflects meaningful experience of brokenness Thomas Hardy’s “The Darkling Thrush” -Dead, gloomy, dark -Landscape is part of history, but the future is bleak -Poem of the end of something, with unknown expectations -THRESHOLD POEM: 19 th century poetry needs to be remodeled Wilfred Owen’s “Dulce Et Decorum Est” -Modern industrial culture has turned into agent of death -Poem of witnessing catastrophe -Shell shock -WWI as a crisis of civilization Manifestos -Blast
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Final Study Guide - Final Study Guide Victorian Era What is...

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