Final Study Guide

Final Study Guide - History 333 Final Study Guide...

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History 333 Final Study Guide Patrilineage : Strategies. Marriage alliances among high ranking families and non-noble families. Decent traced through the father. Way government and politics was set up, inheritance, ex: in Venice they had the golden book Courtesans : During the 14 th and 15 th centuries in urban Europe, prostitution was tolerated by the city government. Courtesans were prostitutes with high social skills, such as being conversationalists or musicians. Served upscale populations. Opened home for wealthy men to convene. Albizzi Regime : They were a Florentine family and rivals of the Medicci until the 15 th century. They came into power as an oligarchy after the Ciompi revolt. Powerful family, of nobility unlike Medici. Filippo Brunelleschi : Lived during the late 14 th early 15 th century. One of the precursors of Renaissance art. Combined classicism and spatial and psychological realism. Concentrated on architecture ex: dome in Florence. He was the first artist who studied the way 3D object appeared to the eye so it could be reduced to a 2D surface. Identified the “vanishing point” or the furthest point of convergence of the main lines of a painting. Cosimo I the Elder : Establishes Medici in 1400s, He was the first of the Medici dynasty to rule Florence. Medici were a very powerful banking family. He created his own political party called the Amici. Use of marriage alliances. Use of neighborhood organizations to create supporters. Exiled by Albizzi, but later returns. He manipulated elections. Patron of the arts Balìa : A broad term a parliamentary tactic that allows more direct control over elections. During Alibizzi, predates Medici. An extraordinary council, in the way you might appoint a poedsta, a hand selected council that runs state for a certain period of crisis. Rest of government continues to exist, but Balia takes over it.
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Accoppiatori : A method of electoral control, in Florence, where you chose a name and say I don’t want this one. “Selection a mano.” Completely separate from Balia. Despotic electoral controls. Used by Albizzi, but ineffectively compared to Medici. Luca Pitti : Leader and spokesperson of revolt against the Medici at the end of Cosimo the Elder’s rule. From Florence. He wanted to go back to oligarchy like the Albizzi. Wavers as to who he supports. In and out of exile. He’s part of old family that feels like they were being pushed to the side by Medici. After exile, seems like falls in line but gets exiled again. (Abandoned conspirators of Medici to avoid exile) Cento : Cosimo set up a new council with a permanent committee in Mid 15 th century, as opposed to temporary Balia. Everyone in it was handpicked from electoral bags. They took over power of tax, finance, declaration of war. Became new form of government. This is a result of Luca Pitti. Settanta
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Final Study Guide - History 333 Final Study Guide...

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