HPS_1040 - Exam Preparation Week 1 Group A-07 Group Members...

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E E x x a a m m P P r r e e p p a a r r a a t t i i o o n n W W e e e e k k 1 1 G G r r o o u u p p A A - - 0 0 7 7 Group Members: Belt, Mark (In-Class Notes) Du, Peilong (In-Class Notes) Dupuy, Benjamin (Editors) Enger, Carl (Current Events/Article) Guan, Yian (Questions& collator) Jiang, Yukang (Book Notes) Quick, Peter (Book Notes) Trudell, Daniel (Editors)
2 Key Terms: Calorie (Cal) the standard unit of energy used in the United States to define and describe human energy intake and energy expenditure. Carbohydrates organic compounds divided into two types simple and complex; they are generally known as sugars and starches. Chronic disease a medical condition that is permanent, leaves a residual disability, is caused by a nonreversible pathological condition. Epidemiology the scientific discipline studying the occurrence, distribution, control, and prevention of disease, infection, injury, and other health-related events in a defined human population. Fats or lipids, are organic compounds that provide the most concentrated source of calories in a diet. Saturated fats are found primarily in animal products, and unsaturated fats come from plants. Health - a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. (According to the World Health Organization). Health behavioral theories a conceptual framework of key factors or variables hypothesized to influence health behavior. An established theory is logical, supported by evidence, and underpins behavior change plans and strategies. Health belief model - an individual is likely to take action in preventing a medical condition if they think the consequences of the medical condition are serious, if they are susceptible to the medical condition, and if the benefits outweigh the costs Health literacy the ability to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions. Health Risk/Risk factor any factor, which increases susceptibility or has a strong association with the occurrence, onset, or progression of a disease or injury. Infectious disease a medical condition typically resulting from a disease- causing organism-usually a bacterium, virus, or parasitic worm-known as a pathogen. Macronutrients the nutrients required in the greatest amounts, namely carbohydrates, fats, protein, and water. Micronutrients the nutrients those are required only in small amounts, the vitamins and minerals.
3 Minerals a group of inorganic elements that are essential to the life processes and are obtained through foods and beverages we consume. Nutrition the science of food and how the body uses it in health and disease.

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