the standard unit of energy used in the United States to define
and describe human energy intake and energy expenditure.
organic compounds divided into two types
complex; they are generally known as sugars and starches.
a medical condition that is permanent, leaves a residual
disability, is caused by a nonreversible pathological condition.
the scientific discipline studying the occurrence, distribution,
control, and prevention of disease, infection, injury, and other health-related
events in a defined human population.
or lipids, are organic compounds that provide the most concentrated
source of calories in a diet. Saturated fats are found primarily in animal products,
and unsaturated fats come from plants.
Health - a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not
merely the absence of disease or infirmity. (According to the World Health
Health behavioral theories
a conceptual framework of key factors or variables
hypothesized to influence health behavior. An established theory is logical,
supported by evidence, and underpins behavior change plans and strategies.
Health belief model - an individual is likely to take action in preventing a medical
condition if they think the consequences of the medical condition are serious, if
they are susceptible to the medical condition, and if the benefits outweigh the
the ability to obtain, process, and understand basic health
information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.
Health Risk/Risk factor
any factor, which increases susceptibility or has a strong
association with the occurrence, onset, or progression of a disease or injury.
a medical condition typically resulting from a disease-
causing organism-usually a bacterium, virus, or parasitic worm-known as a
the nutrients required in the greatest amounts, namely
carbohydrates, fats, protein, and water.
the nutrients those are required only in small amounts, the
vitamins and minerals.