Sakai - Chapt 6 - Learning

Sakai - Chapt 6 - Learning - Chapter 6 Learning Learning...

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Chapter 6 Learning
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Learning The definition of Learning is: a relatively  ________________ change in behavior due to experience.  it is the process of  _______________ knowledge, skills, attitudes, or  values, through our experience, research, or teaching, that causes a  ________________ of behavior that is measurable learning involves changing our behavior in response to  ___________ How we respond to the environment (that’s called  ______________  conditioning)  How we act in the environment (that’s called  ___________________  conditioning) How we observe the environment (that’s called  _________________  learning)
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Behaviorists  are psychologists who insist that psychologists should  _________  only  observable, measurable behaviors,  and not concern itself with  mental processes or  events.  There is, however, a wide range of views among researchers who call  themselves behaviorists, such as below: Methodological behaviorism John B. Watson  believed, as a Methodological behaviorist, that only  observable behaviors are worthy of research, and study only events that they  can  __________________ and observe. Radical behaviorists - BF Skinner believed, as a Radical behaviorist, that the ________________ and  genetics plays a powerful role in molding behavior. Skinner followed much of  Watson’s research and findings, but believed that internal states could  influence behavior just as external stimuli.
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The rise of behaviorism Jacques Loeb argued that all animal and most human behavior could be explained with stimulus-response _________________ . • Stimulus-response psychology attempts to explain behavior in terms of how each stimulus triggers a _______________ . Example: Flinching from a blow and shading one’s eyes from strong light are examples of stimulus-response behaviors. Determinism - an assumption that _________ behavior has a cause and effect The assumptions of behaviorism If enough is known about an individual’s experiences, influences, and genetics, we can _______________ that individual’s behavior.
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Pavlov and Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov was a physiologist who won a Nobel Prize for his research on digestion. He is the Founder of ________________ Conditioning Pavlov noticed that the dogs he used to do his research _________ upon the sight of the lab workers who fed them. A ______________ is a neutral stimulus because it elicits attention to the sound, but there was no automatic connection. The dogs would lift their ears and look around when the buzzer sounded, but no salivation was produced. He hypothesized that if a buzzer always
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2012 for the course 830 101 taught by Professor Brill during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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Sakai - Chapt 6 - Learning - Chapter 6 Learning Learning...

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