RU - Chapt 11 for students

RU - Chapt 11 for students - Chapter 11 Motivated Behaviors...

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Chapter 11 Motivated Behaviors
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Properties of Motivated Behavior Properties of motivated behavior: – They are goal directed  ____________  – motivated  individuals keep working until they reach their goal. – If an individual varies the behavior and persists until  reaching a goal, it is a motivated behavior. Motivation as an energy – The word  ___________  is derived from the same root as  ________ ” – something that moves an organism. – It can be defined as what activates and  _________  behavior.
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Drive theories – Motivation is the physical and psychological process that drives us  toward a certain goal. If the ‘ ____ ’ comes from within, it’s a  _________  (internal conditions) . If it comes from  __________/ external’  sources – A  _______  is a state of unrest or irritation that energizes one behavior  after another until one of them removes the irritation. Drive-reduction  ________  proposes that animals strive to reduce their  drives as much as possible. By extension, drive-reduction theory would  ________  that once all needs  have been met, the organism would become inactive.
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Homeostasis ___________   is the maintenance of an optimum level of biological  conditions within an organism. – Conditions such as temperature, hydration, nutrition, and weight are  ____________  at a state of equilibrium. Incentive theories ___________  are external stimuli that pull us toward certain actions.
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Intrinsic and extrinsic motivations – An  __________  motivation  is a motivation to do an act for its own  sake.  – An  ___________  motivation  is based on the reinforcements and  punishments that may follow an action.  Sometimes providing extrinsic motivations for a behavior that are already  intrinsically motivated may result in a reduction of the performance of that  intrinsic/internal behavior . – This effect is known as  _______________________
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Figure 11.2 Figure 11.2 Monkeys learned to _______ the pin, hook, and hasp in that order to _______ this device. When they started receiving a raisin instead of opening it just for fun, their performance deteriorated.
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Table 11.1 Table 11.1 Four views of motivation
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Delay of gratification Sometimes motivated behavior involved  _____  of gratification choosing a  ________  payoff now in order to get a bigger payoff later.  Homeostatis  – maintenance of bio conditions. It’s equilibrium your body  must  _________  to keep you alive.  Hunger is a homeostatic drive that  makes fuel available to the body. One major factor in initiating hunger is a drop in 
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2012 for the course 830 101 taught by Professor Brill during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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RU - Chapt 11 for students - Chapter 11 Motivated Behaviors...

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