RU - Chapt 13 - Social Psy

RU - Chapt 13 - Social Psy - Chapter 13 Social Psychology...

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Chapter 13 Social Psychology
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Psychology = Sociology = study of groups of people Social Psy = concerned with way your thoughts, feelings, behaviors are influenced by others Norms = rules for accepted and expected behavior
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Social Psychology Social psychologists study social behavior . They are interested in the ways people influence and are influenced by each other. Social psychology is a diverse field incorporating the study of attitudes and perceptions, persuasion, and typical behaviors of relatively normal people in their relationships with others. Altruism Social psychologists seek to explain why at times compete with each other for resources while at other times we cooperate, even engaging in altruistic behavior , accepting some disadvantage to ourselves in order to help others What determines whether we’ll cooperate or compete ?
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Cooperation and Competition Cultural Transmission It is possible that we learn to cooperate instead of compete because other members of our community will punish us for not exhibiting some altruistic behavior. Research suggests that the more cooperative the culture, the greater the punishment for failing to exhibit altruistic behavior. Accepting or denying responsibility toward others Bystander helpfulness or apathy Why do people fail to intervene sometimes during a crime or accident? If you witness a crime, would you report it? If you see someone fall down, or have their hands full and cannot open a door, would you do anything? Class: Do you have examples? If you were standing outside a shop and suddenly look up across the street to see a man robbing a woman at an ATM machine. What would you do? Suppose while you are waiting at a bus stop, you see me trip and fall down, just 10 yards away. I am not screaming in agony, but I don’t getup either. Would you come over and help me up? Or would you stand there or ignore me ?
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Bystander helpfulness or apathy The presence of many  people  during a crime may create a sense of diffusion  of responsibility. We may convince ourselves that if there are many other people present,  someone else will help, so we need do  nothing . People  are less likely to help someone if they see other people who are in  an equally good position to help. They will decide therefore to say or do  nothing. Diffusion of Responsibility    “It’s not responsibility to help any more than someone else’s.  We  tend to feel  less responsible to act when other people are equally able to  act Social loafing  - is the tendency to “loaf” or work  less  hard when a part of  a group or sharing work with other people. Do you work as hard when the rewards depend on your group’s 
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RU - Chapt 13 - Social Psy - Chapter 13 Social Psychology...

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