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RU - Chapt 13 for students

RU - Chapt 13 for students - Chapter 13 Social Psychology...

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Chapter 13 Social Psychology
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Psychology = scientific study of behavior & __________ processes Sociology = study of groups of ________ Social Psychology = concerned with way your thoughts, feelings, behaviors are influenced by others Norms = rules for accepted and expected _______
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Social Psychology Social psychologists study social ______ . They are interested in the ways people ________ and are influenced by each other. Social psychology is a diverse field incorporating the study of ________ and perceptions, persuasion, and typical behaviors of relatively normal people in their relationships with others. Altruism Social psychologists seek to _______ why at times compete with each other for resources while at other times we cooperate What determines whether we’ll cooperate or _________ ?
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Cooperation and Competition ____________ Transmission It is possible that we learn to cooperate instead of compete because other members of our community will punish us for not exhibiting some altruistic behavior. Accepting or denying responsibility toward others Bystander helpfulness or _________ Why do people fail to intervene sometimes during a _________ or accident?
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Bystander helpfulness or apathy The presence of many  ________  during a crime may create a sense  of diffusion of responsibility. • We may convince ourselves that if there are many other people  present, someone else will help, so we need do  ________ . • _________  are less likely to help someone if they see other people  who are in an equally good position to help. They will decide  therefore to say or do nothing. Diffusion of Responsibility    “It’s not responsibility to help any more than someone else’s.  ______   tend to feel less responsible to act when other people are equally  able to  ______ Social loafing  - is the tendency to “loaf” or work  _____  hard when  a part of a group or sharing work with other people.
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Cooperation and Competition Lawrence Kohlberg – Founder of Moral Development Kohlberg became fascinated with children's reactions to  ________ - --- ___________ through the work of  ____--   ______. This theory holds that  moral reasoning, which is the basis for ________ behavior, has six identifiable  ______________ stages Young children tend to equate wrongness with punishment. He measured the maturity of an individual’s moral reasoning by evaluating the  responses given to  moral dilemmas  – problems that pit one moral value  _________  another.
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Table 13.1 TABLE 13.1 The dilemma : Heinz’s wife was near death from cancer. A druggist had recently discovered a drug that might be able to save her. The druggist was charging $2000 for the drug, which cost him $200 to make.Heinz could not afford to pay for it, and he could borrow only $1000 from friends. He offered to pay the rest later. The druggist refused to sell the drug for less than the full price paid in advance: “I discovered the drug, and I’m going to make money from it.” Late that night, Heinz broke into the store to steal the drug for his wife. Did Heinz do the right thing?
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