RU - Chapt 14 for students

RU - Chapt 14 for students - Chapter 14 Personality...

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Chapter 14 Personality
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Personality Personality derives from the Latin word persona , which translates into English as “ _________ .” In psychology, personality is defined as the consistent ways in which one person’s behavior _________ from that of others, especially in social contexts. Some psychologists have developed “grand ________ ” of personality. Others have tried to identify personality types and describe why an individual classified as a certain “personality type” ___________ in certain ways.
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Personality Freud and the ___________ approach Sigmund Freud, an Austrian physician, developed the first psychodynamic theory of personality. Psychodynamic _________ relates personality to the interplay of conflicting forces within the individual. The individual may not be aware of these forces that influence thought and behavior.
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Psychoanalytic Perspective In his clinical practice, Freud  encountered patients suffering  from  __________  disorders. Their  complaints could not be explained  in terms of purely  _________   causes. Freud’s clinical experience led him  to develop the first comprehensive  theory of  ____________ , which  included the  unconscious mind psychosexual stages,   and  defense  mechanisms. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) C u l v e r P i c t s
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Figure 14.2 FIGURE 14.2 Freud believed that psychoanalysis could bring parts of the unconscious into the conscious mind, where the client could deal with them.
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Exploring the Unconscious A reservoir ( __________  mind ) of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings,  and memories. Freud asked patients to say whatever came to their minds ( ________   association ) in order to tap the unconscious.  The process of free association (chain of thoughts) leads to  _________ embarrassing unconscious memories. Once these memories are retrieved and  released ( treatment: ______________ ) the patient feels better.
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He was influenced by the psychiatrist Josef Breuer, who encouraged patients to recall and discuss the details of __________ early life experiences in order to relieve the physical complaints. Breuer and Freud referred to this _________ as catharsis . This means the emotional release an experience or feeling of spiritual release and purification brought about by an intense emotional experience Freud later expanded this “ ________ cure” into a method of explaining the workings of personality The unconscious mind __________ memories, emotions and thoughts, some of which are irrational or socially unacceptable. These thoughts and feelings influence our behavior although we
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2012 for the course 830 101 taught by Professor Brill during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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RU - Chapt 14 for students - Chapter 14 Personality...

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