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Unformatted text preview: Thursday, November 17 th , 2011 ASK*** do we have to take about the levels of measurement and central tendency and dispursion and stuff – how do we discuss this stuff - do we have to use chi2 and use the measures of degree of strength and use the null hypothesis Conducting research ethnically Ethnic principles 1. we not use deception 2. our research should not involve any harm to those that participate in our research a. psych, emotional, physical b. participation voluntary 3. shouldn’t be coercing ppl and forcing ppl to take part in research 4. shouldn’t conduct research with out informed consent a. we need informed consent – viewed as bottom line b. what does this mean? c. Procedure in which inds decide whether to participate d. In the research after being informed of facts likely to influence their decision e. Not just consensing also being informed - we cant just go and do research – we need to get consent - linchpin = informed consent - there are four elements to informed consent o 1. Competence – are the ppl whose consent we are requesting competent to give the consent – i.e. hard to study kids – need parents consent - where ever there Is q over competence informed consent is questionable o 2. Volunatarism – are ppl in a sit where ppl feel free to say no – problem in inst setting – where person asking has power and auth over ppl in inst – i.e. prison – pysch use students, poli sci don’t – cause we wouldn’t say no o 3. Full information – should involve fair explanation of procedures involved o there should be description of risks that are reasonably stated – there needs to be description of benefits and maybe harm of research – we have to offer to answer any qs – ppl should feel very free to ask qs before they sign – also instruction that they are free to with draw with out penalty – ppl need to know they can with draw with no prejudice - when ppl are given this information do they understand - the risks can be subtle or complex- mini quiz or de briefing to understand about the study they are in - graduate student needs to be there - time elapse to take in information and have ppl come back later- there is wide acceptance of this principle of informed consent o where the disagreement comes fro – is how full information has to be – how much information needed o what ever a person concerned with welfare would need to be given in info o how do you fulfill? o Recuit ppl who are similar to those who may be in research o Ppl know everything about proposed research o Then ask what do you think a preson like you ought to know about the research - Whats problematic about informed consent - Principle good - Practice hard- Reactivity problem***- Ppl react cause if they know the true purpose they could ask to be with consistent with purpose - There is conflict between ethical principle and methodological considerations - Puts onus on the researcher to figure out what the risks will be - May be hard to anticipate the risks...
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- Fall '10
- Ethics , Informed consent, ppl