EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE - Social Psychology o Scientific study...

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Social Psychology o Scientific study of how people think about, influence, and relate to one another Social Thinking: how we perceive ourselves and others; what we believe; judgments we make; our attitudes Social Influence: culture; pressures to conform; persuasion; groups of ppl Social Relations: prejudice; aggression; attraction and intimacy; helping o Its all about life—your life: your beliefs, attitudes, and relationships Social Neuroscience o An integration of biological and social perspectives that explores the neural and psychological bases of social and emotional behaviors o Social Neuroscientists point: to understand social behavior, we must consider both under-the-skin (biological) and between-skins (social) influences Mind and body are one grand system We reflect the interplay of our biological, psychological and social influences Subjective aspects of science o Culture The enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next o Social Representations Socially shared beliefs—widely held ideas and values, including our assumptions and cultural ideologies Help us make sense of our world Hindsight Bias o The tendency to exaggerate after learning an outcome, one’s ability to have for seen how something turned out o Aka the “I knew it all along phenomenon” o Errors in judging the future’s foreseeability and in remembering our past combine to create this bias o Can lead to arrogance—an overestimation of our own intellectual powers o We forget what is obvious now was not nearly so obvious at the time o Makes people overconfident about the validity of their judgment and predictions o Forming and Testing Hypotheses o We organize our ideas and findings into theories: integrated sets of principles that explain and predict observed events o These theories summarize and imply testable predictions Facts = agreed upon statements we observe; theories= ideas that summarize and explain facts o An hypothesis is a testable proposition that describes a relationship that may exist between events o Hypotheses allow us to test a theory by suggesting how we might try to falsify it; predictions give direction to research and sometimes send investigators looking
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for things they might never have thought of; predictive feature of good theories can make them practical Correlational Research o Research varies by location and by method it can take place in the laboratory (a controlled situation) or in the field (everyday situations) o experimental research is the studies that seek clues to cause-effect relationships by manipulating one or more factors (independent variables) while controlling others
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2012 for the course COMM 1200 taught by Professor Hockman during the Spring '07 term at Missouri (Mizzou).

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EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE - Social Psychology o Scientific study...

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