viet study 1 - Confucianism-294concept of reverence for...

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Confucianism -294concept of reverence for authority. The Chinese created administrative districts under military governors whose civilian Chinese advisers imported Confucian bureaucratic concepts that underlined respect for authority. The political & bureaucratic structure of Le Thanh Tong’s administration in the 15 th century served Vietnam until its disruption by the French 400 yrs later. Modeled along Confucian lines, it consisted of 6 ministries that shaped policy, each paralleled by a department to implement decisions. A communications network passed decrees to 13 provincial headquarters, which in turn transmitted them through district offices down to some 8000 communes, each governed by the equivalent of a mayor. This complex hierarchy was contrived to assure both central authority & local flexibily, and a corps of inspectors toured the country regularly to monitor the civil service-&, in theory at least, listen to the complaints of the people. Le Loi - Led a guerrilla war in the early fifteenth century against the Chinese, defeating them in 1418 and establishing the longest dynasty in Vietnamese history, which ruled until 1804. By then, Vietnam was divided by rebellions and rival clans. Bao Dia - French puppet emperor. Last emperor of Vietnam. Succeeded his father in 1925 at the age of 12 but didn’t ascend throne until 1932. Cooperated with Japanese during World War II. Abdicated in 1945 to join Vietminh briefly; went into exile & returned under French to rule as chief of state 1949-55, when Ngo Dinh Diem ousted him in a referendum. Has since lived in France. Trung Sisters - 2 aristocrats, Trung Trac & Trung Nhi, led the first major Vietnamese insurrection against Chinese rule, in A.D. 40. Their kingdom, which reached from southern China to the region around Hue, was soon reconquered by the Chinese. The Vietnamese still revere them as goddesses. Ho Chi Minh - Born Nguyen Tat Thanh in 1890, he left his vative province in central Vietnam as a youth & traveled the world; moved to Paris in 1917 & remained there for 7 yrs; joined the infant French Communist party in 1920; went to Moscow 4 yrs later & became a Communist agent. Used a number of aliases, the best known of them, Nguyen Ai Quoc, Nguyen the Patriot. Founded the Indochinese Communist party in Hong Kong in 1930, but didn’t return to Vietnam
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2012 for the course HTS 3015 taught by Professor Flamming during the Summer '11 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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viet study 1 - Confucianism-294concept of reverence for...

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