vietnam study 2 - Lyndon Johnson's "Great...

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Lyndon Johnson’s “Great Society” - a set of domestic programs. 2 main goals of the Great Society social reforms were the elimination of poverty and racial injustice. New major spending programs that addressed education, medical care, urban problems, & transportation were launched during this period. Election of 1964 - Lyndon B. Johnson (D) v. Barry Goldwater (R). Johnson painted Goldwater as a socialist who would use nuclear warfare and kill the social security while he on the other hand was adding in more New Deal like reforms. Daisy Commercial. Barry Goldwater - 5 term U.S. senator from Arizona. Ran for President of the United States as a republican in 1964 but suffered a huge loss to LBJ. Led crusades against the Soviet Union, labor unions, and the welfare state. Known as Mr. Conservative. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution - passed on August 7, 1964 in a response to a battle between our navy and the North Vietnamese. It gave U.S. President LBJ authorization, without a formal declaration of war by congress, for the use of conventional military force in Southeast Asia. Specifically, the resolution authorized the President to do whatever necessary in order to assist “any member or protocol state of the “Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty.” This included in volving armed forces. The Johnson administration subsequently relied upon the resolution to begin its rapid escalation of U.S. military involvement in South Vietnam & open warfare between North Vietnam & the U.S. Desoto missions - employed destroyers in intelligence-gathering missions outside the internationally recognized territorial waters & along the coasts of the Soviet Union, China, North Korea, & North Vietnam. It was on a Desoto mission that the USS Madox exchanged fire with the North Vietnamese in what is now known as the Gulf of Tonkin incident. OPLAN 34-A - Facilitated under the Office of the Special Assistant for Counterintelligence & Special Activities, OPLAN-34A was top secret. Although run under the Department of Defense, the operation had begun in the early 1960’s under the CIA. OPLAN 34A called for several responses to North Vietnamese actions against the South. The operation included commando raids, specifically to disable North Vietnam’s transportation system. In Laos, American planes flown by American pilots were to bomb North Vietnamese operations based in that country. The planes were marked as being part of the Laotioan air force. Planes were also used to drop propaganda leaflets. An important part of the operation involved the “DeSoto” mis sions: U.S. destroyers patrolling off the coast of North Vietnam that assisted with relaying intelligence to South Vietnamese forces regarding North Vietnamese naval operations & coordinating commando raids against the North. General Westmoreland
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2012 for the course HTS 3015 taught by Professor Flamming during the Summer '11 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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vietnam study 2 - Lyndon Johnson's "Great...

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