Alternative Approaches to Welfare Reform-1

Alternative Approaches to Welfare Reform-1 - Debating...

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Unformatted text preview: Debating alternative approaches to reform Welfare Reform The Function of the AFDC program: What problems did it address? A classic residual program -- means-tested, categorical, increasingly conditional and meager in terms of benefits 1. AFDC addressed the economic needs of Families headed by able bodied & unemployed (or under- employed) women. 2. These families were deemed to be economically fragile because in most cases income from employment was limited or non-existant a) No primary bread-winner in household [due to Death/Divorce/Separation from SPOUSE]. Welfare Politics: The intersection of diverse and incompatible agendas AFDC to TANF: The Story of Welfare Reform 3 Support for Children (financial) The care of young children Whats the effect of work policies in welfare (pushing mom into labor mrkt) Family Formation changes How are policies effecting decisions of women and men to marry / raise kids together? Work Incentives (how to get able bodied into labor market) The Conditions of the Low Wage Labor Market. The Needs of various populations (especially marginalized) in changing Labor Markets Disability issues in the new labor market. The Supply of cheap labor Overall government spending levels Alternative Welfare Reform Strategies AFDC to TANF: The Story of Welfare 4 1. Targeting within Universalism Big broad programs: e.g. National health care 2. Changing the incentives to work Targeted, discreet programs within the welfare structure: e.g. transitional Medicaid. 3. Poverty Prevention and Rehabilitation (getting ready to work) 4. The New Paternalism This approach is not purely aligned most conservatives view of Govt? 5. Deterrence (keeping people from turning to Govt before exhausting other sources family, friends, So What did AFDC do about the income problems of Single Female Headed Families? Originally: 1. Small monthly income grants: levels vary by states, average is around $400/mo (family of 30 in todays dollars 2. In most states, eligibility for AFDC triggers additional benefits Medicaid Food Stamps (today: Supplemental Nutritional Assitance Program SNAP) Access to limited child care . HA! (this increased steadily in various welfare reforms) Criterion Weak AFDC Strong Notes Location of Administration* Local (decentralized) Federal (Centralized) This is questioned by some....
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2012 for the course SOC 206 taught by Professor Lock during the Spring '12 term at Wisconsin.

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Alternative Approaches to Welfare Reform-1 - Debating...

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