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Unformatted text preview: Exam #2 Study Guide There are essentially three thematic categories of the 2 nd half of this course: 1. Conceptual overview of the U.S. Social Welfare System a. Framework for categorizing policies & programs of the “residual” U.S. Welfare State b. The overarching distinction and concern with the “deserving” vs. “undeserving” poor. 2. Review of America’s Social Insurance and Public Assistance Programs 3. Policy Case Study: How the AFDC program was transformed into the TANF program. First a few general tips… 1. If you were to review some readings for the exam, I’d focus on the following a. Skim both the Pollack primer on “Social Welfare Programs in America” and the Dolgoff and Feldstein (2003) “Examining a Social Welfare Program” from week 9. b. Handler, Joel. 1972. “Theory and Development” (Ch. 2) in Reforming the Poor, New York: Basic Books. c. Rodgers, Harrell R. 2006. Ch. 5 “The Evolution of Welfare: Ending Welfare as we know it” in American Poverty in a New Era of Reform ” d. Martha Coven, 2005. “An Introduction to TANF,” Center for Budget and Policy Priorities. Washington DC: (an updated version of the original summary by Liz Schott is available at http://www.cbpp.org/1-22-02tanf2.htm ). 2. You’ll notice a lot of numbers and factoids throughout this study guide; it’s less important to worry about memorizing them as it is to understand what they are telling you about the main themes of the second half of class. Section I: Conceptualizing the U.S. Social Welfare System A. First of all, we should keep in mind a set of distinctions carried over from the first part of class. After Exam #1, we started the second half of class by reviewing how there are t hree general political orientations that inform social welfare policy making (conservative, liberal & Social Democratic). Here, we’ve reproduced that table but also EXPANDED it, to show how these three philosophical and political orientations also inform how people and policy makers think about particular elements of the American Welfare State, especially its “public assistance” programs (AFDC & TANF). Views of… General Political Orientations Conservative Liberal Social Democratic Social Justice Individualistic Redistributive Solidaristic / Communal The Welfare State Residual A mix of Residual & Institutional Institutional Faith in Government Low Moderate (faith in limited gov’t) High Poverty & Inequality Culture of Poverty Poverty caused by bad individual choices; poor cultural values; welfare system’s perverse incentives Human Capital & Discrimination Poverty caused lack of skills & education....
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2012 for the course SOC 206 taught by Professor Lock during the Spring '12 term at University of Wisconsin.
- Spring '12
- Social Policy