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Policy Analysis Paper

Policy Analysis Paper - Policy Analysis Paper-Wildlife...

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Policy Analysis Paper-Wildlife protection Act 1972 (India) Shashikanth reddy vakiti Pol sci 223 November the 18 th , 2011 Chitraka is a Sanskrit word from which the word ‘cheetah’ is derived . The Asiatic cheetah is one of the subspecies of cheetah which inhabited the northern part of India . Akbar the Great , a 15 th century Mughal Ruler of India was said to have one thousand trained cheetahs with whose assistance he would indulge in hunting and war. The cheetah is now extinct in India , the last ones having been shot in 1951 (Schaller , 4). The great Indian Rhinoceros which was hunted by the mughals as early as 15 th century now survives only in a few sanctuaries in India . So is the fate of kashmiri stag , wild buffaloes , Indian gazelle , gaur chital . All these species of animals have suffered a grave decrease in their numbers and now are considered critically endangered species. Direct shooting has been an important factor for the decrease of wildlife . (Schaller ,6). During the time of british rule , The inveterate british civil servants and the Indian maharajas (Princely state kings ) sought hunting as a form of recreation. Hunting was not jus a sport but a symbol of status , the criterion for the latter being the number of animals , especially the number of tigers shot.(6) Indian independence ushered in a period of destruction of wildlife that could almost be compared to the slaughter on the American prairies in the 1880s. In 1951 the Bombay state passed the wild animals and wild birds protection act ; in 1952 the Indian board for wildlife was formed and in 1958 the Wildlife preservation society of India. (7) At its first meeting , the central board of wildlife made a recommendation for unified legislation for wildlife conservation in India (Sharma , 249). The Wildlife Protection Act of India was enacted in 1972, which was adopted by all
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states in India .(Sharma, 250) The analysis of this paper brings into light the effectiveness of its implementation and Alternative solutions which I’m going to provide for the betterment of wildlife conservation in India . The Government of India enacted Wild Life (Protection) Act 1972 with the objective of effectively protecting the wild life of this country and to control poaching, smuggling and illegal trade in wildlife and its derivatives. The goal of this act is to provide protection to the listed endangered flora and fauna and ecologically important protected areas. This Act provides protection of wild animals, birds , plants and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto.(Govt of India, Ministry of environment and Forests.) This act extends to the whole of India except for the state of Jammu and Kashmir which has its own wildlife act. This act has six schedules which give varying degrees of protection. Schedule 1 and part II of Schedule 2 provide absolute protection - offences under these are prescribed the highest penalties. Species listed in Schedule 3 and Schedule 4 are also protected with ower penalties. Schedule 5 includes
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Policy Analysis Paper - Policy Analysis Paper-Wildlife...

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