NGOs - Lobbying (both international NGO Role Application...

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NGOs and Corporations
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What are NGOs? “An independent, nonprofit organization not beholden to a government or a profit-making organization” (p.73) Not always defined this way; the UN definition, for example, includes business organizations
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What types of Environmental NGOs Exist? 1) INGOs (international NGOs such as World Wildlife Fund) 2) Domestic NGOs (NGOs primarily operating within one country, or where the branches in different countries aren’t really linked) 3) Think Tanks (Conduct research and propose action) Note: These are types of groups within
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Why do NGOs have Influence? 1) possess expert knowledge about their subject area 2) Dedicated to broader goals which transcend national interests 3) Often represent large groups of people who can be mobilized against policymakers if necessary
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Roles for NGOs Agenda-setting {(re)defining an issue} Provide technical and scientific information Proposing drafts in advance of conferences Supporting ratification and implementation of treaties
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Unformatted text preview: Lobbying (both international NGO Role Application http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=UkUy32KEmig& What about radical groups? Transnational Advocacy Networks Just like at the national level, international and domestic NGOs can band together to try to reform a single issue area (which gives them more power) Ex: The Antarctic Mineral Treaty had over 200 environmental organizations lobbying from 33 countries Same concept as advocacy coalitions at national level North/South alliances may be Corporations Traditional role- lobby governments to weaken regimes they believe will be harmful to them Ex: US corporations lobbying of regimes reducing greenhouse gases Try to keep regimes informal rather than formal Corporations (II) BUT- corporations may push for international regimes when domestic regulations are more stringent Meant to level the playing field Ex: Fisheries management push FAO (food and agriculture part of the UN) in 1998...
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NGOs - Lobbying (both international NGO Role Application...

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