Rabe Chp 1

Rabe Chp 1 - xviii PREFACE My sons, Matthew and Andrew, are...

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xviii PREFACE My sons, Matthew and Andrew, are now of an age to study issues con- cerning climate change in their own public school settings and are quick with critical comment on everything from televised commercials con- cerning greenhouse gases to ways in which our family life-style seems inconsistent with the principles set forth in some of the state cases that fol- low. Their counsel, on all matters, remains invaluable. My wife, Dana Runestad, has read every word of this book and heard the underpinnings of every argument. No one has worked harder to help me think through these issues, encourage me to finish this book in the face of competing duties, or appreciate the much larger context that puts all of this work into perspective. Naturally, given this level of family engagement, it would not be difficult to shift blame for any mistakes to them. However, the normal conventions apply, and any errors are solely my responsibility. 1 CHAPTER The Politics of Climate Change, State Style George W Bush and Christine Todd Whitman may well have signed into law policies that will achieve greater levels of greenhouse gas reduction than those approved by any other elected officials in the United States during the past decade. These policies are in no way asso- ciated, however, with the federal offices they assumed in 2001. Instead, their environmental reputations reflect major policies that were approved during their governorships in Texas and New Jersey, respectively, and are currently being implemented by their successors there. For Bush, this entailed signing the Texas Public Utility Re ulatory Act of 1999. This bill included an ambitious program t at required Texas utilities to increase their reliance over the next decade on renewable energy sources that do not generate greenhouse gases. It outlined a detailed plan to increase steadily the level of renewable energy used in the state and established penalties for noncompliance. As a result, Texas has experi- enced a "wind rush" and is expected to generate between 3 and 4 percent of its electricity from renewable wind power by 2010, up from a rate below 1 percent when the legislation was signed. Given the enormous scope of the Texas economy and its heavy reliance on electricity, it is esti- mated that this legislation will reduce Texas carbon dioxide emissions by 1.83 million metric tons a year by 2009. These reductions may be greater than the entire carbon dioxide (C0 2 ) emissions generated by either Ver- mont or the District of Columbia in that year (see table 1-1). I
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2 3 POLITICS OF CUMATE CHANGE Table 1-1. Greenhouse Gas Emissions ofthe United States, by State, 1999 Million metric tons of carbon Emissions Emissions per million per million Rank/state Emissions t!.eoe.ie Rank/state Emissions l!.eoele 1 Texas 166.56 7.64 27 South Carolina 20.93 5.09 2 California 94.83 2.70 28 Iowa 20.65 2.07 3 Ohio 69.75 6.12 29 Kansas 19.43 7.19 4 Pennsylvania 64.05 5.21 30 Massachusetts 17.16 2.68 5 Florida 60.83 3.62 31 Arkansas 17.09 6.30 6 Indiana 59.85 9.73 32 Mississippi 17.05 5.94 7 Illinois 58.58 4.67 33 Wyoming 16.79 33.91 8 Michigan 52.69 5.25 34 Utah 16.60 7.20 9 New York 52.31 2.75 35 New Mexico 15.10 8.21
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2012 for the course POL 223 taught by Professor Aldrich during the Fall '10 term at Purdue.

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Rabe Chp 1 - xviii PREFACE My sons, Matthew and Andrew, are...

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