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State level actors

State level actors - Frame Percent who Agree Cap and trade...

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State Level  Actors
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State Rights What gives legal rights to the states? Does federal law supersede state law?
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Initial Expectations Policies must be federal Environmental problems cross state  lines Collective action problems “Race to the bottom”
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The Issues at Hand Why have so many states found it possible to  enact policy that the federal government still  can’t manage to get consensus on, and that  there are no mandates on from the  national/international realm? Why is there so much variation in the policies  these states are enacting, even among states  with similar circumstances?
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Importance of Bureaucrats Middle level bureaucrats as policy  entrepreneurs  Discretion in carrying out policies necessary Failure of federal leaves room for state  experimentation State-level policymaking different than federal  level  Perceived as economic best interest to do so
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Issue Framing
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Unformatted text preview: Frame Percent who Agree Cap and trade policy would benefit the environment 18.4% Cap and trade policy would benefit American citizens financially 25.2% Fair for government to create a cap and trade policy 7.5% Cap and trade policy would help America’s national security 2.1% Corruption or cheating is likely to be a problem under cap and trade 20.7% Don’t Know/Skipped 20.0% Policy Labeling “Terrorists” “Renewable Portfolio Standard” (Texas) “Conservationist” “Treehugger” “Freedom Fighters” “Climate Change Policy” or “Greenhouse Gas Reduction Policy” ? ? State-by-State Framework Issue Frames Response to environmental threat Response to economic opportunity Response to economic threat Policy Labeling Explicit Implicit Example from California http://vimeo.com/24631380...
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State level actors - Frame Percent who Agree Cap and trade...

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