The Policy Life-Cycle

The Policy Life-Cycle - Implementation What happens between...

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The Policy Life-Cycle
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A Few Key Points Policies are NOT static Input and output loops Policies often coexist
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Agenda-Setting “The list of subjects or problems to which government officials, and people outside the government closely associated with those officials, are paying some serious attention at any given time” ( Kingsdon 1995). Problem Recognition Social problem recognition Put on the agenda for consideration
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Agenda Example: Japan’s Nuclear Crisis
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Policy Formulation and Decision-Making Definition of objectives Consideration of different alternatives Actual creation of policy
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Policy Formulation and Decision-Making 2 Policy Networks Links between elected officials, bureaucrats, and interest groups
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Unformatted text preview: Implementation What happens between the establishment of an apparent intention on the part of the government to do something, or to stop doing something, and the ultimate impact in the world of action (OToole 2000) Evaluation and Termination Intended outcomes Hoods blame games Actors assessments of policies are always biased Weak policy aims and understandings (government blame game) Successful policies are reinforced Unsuccessful policies are terminated Unintended Consequences Implementation Problems: Unclear Outcomes Policy Failure Diamond Lanes: Another Failed Energy / Environmental Policy By Todd Ganos | Forbes Mon, Jul 18, 2011 (Yahoo News)...
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The Policy Life-Cycle - Implementation What happens between...

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