Women_Environment - WOMEN & THE ENVIRONMENT Climate...

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WOMEN & THE ENVIRONMENT Climate Change Environmental Degradation and Gender
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WHY ARE WE TALKING ABOUT GENDER? Women and men face different vulnerabilities to climate change and environmental degradation.
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Development and the ‘Feminine Principle’ Recognition of limits to development: the notion that development so far has not been “sustainable”—Vandana Shiva’s concept of maldevelopment . The development paradigm/theoretical framework of ‘Women, Environment, and sustainable Development’ (WED)—gained momentum in 1980s.
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Connecting the dots… Management of natural resource Women and water Environmental activism Commercialization of agriculture Environment and women’s health
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Women & the Environment Debate: Understanding diverse roles of women is crucial! Managers of household resources Small-scale farmers have far fewer resources than men to cope with crop failures or pursue methods of farming more adapted to climate shifts Migrants and refugees they confront greater risks of disease and violence *During natural disasters, they count higher among the dead.
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As managers of households. .. In developing nations women are often the primary users and managers of land, forest, water and other natural resources. Women in rural areas of developing regions spend major parts of their day growing food, gathering fuel-wood, cooking and carrying water. Rural women are responsible for water collection in almost two-thirds of households in developing countries; Reduced or variable rainfall can increase the time required to collect water and cut down agricultural production.
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Women play an important role in promoting sustainable development through their concern for the quality and sustainability of life for present and future generations. However, due to discrimination, many women are unable to exercise their full potential in natural resource and environmental management, given their lack of training, status, land and property rights and capital.
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In rural areas in most developing countries, women are the managers of water resources -- often walking miles to fetch water for basic household chores. Access to safe water is also an issue of increasing concern for urban women and families. Poor water access and quality affect not only women's crop and livestock production and the amount of labor they must expend to collect, store and distribute water, but also their health and that of their families. However, despite their responsibility for water collection and sanitation management, women rarely participate in decision-making when the construction of facilities is planned. All too often they have no say about the location of a pump or the design of latrines.
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In some parts of Africa, women and children spend eight hours a day collecting water. The proportion of
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2012 for the course POL 223 taught by Professor Aldrich during the Fall '10 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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Women_Environment - WOMEN & THE ENVIRONMENT Climate...

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