AncientNearEastArt

AncientNearEastArt - ART OF THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST...

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A RT OF THE A NCIENT N EAR E AST M ESOPOTAMIA F ROM THE LAND IN THE VICINITY OF THE T IGRIS AND E UPHRATES RIVERS , WHICH CAME TO BE KNOWN AS THE “F ERTILE C RESCENT ”, SOME OF THE EARLIEST URBANIZED HUMAN CIVILIZATION AROSE . F ARMING VILLAGES WERE ESTABLISHED ALONG THE RIVERS , AND IN THE MORE TEMPERATE FOOTHILLS NORTH OF THE AREA IN MODERN T URKEY , AND ON THE M EDITERRANEAN COAST , AROUND 9000 BCE. B ETWEEN 4000 AND 3000 TRUE CITIES BEGAN TO DEVELOP IN THE SOUTH , AND THE STRUCTURE FOR THE SUCCESSIVE CULTURES WE CALL “M ESOPOTAMIA WAS ESTABLISHED . A LL OF THE CIVILIZATIONS HELD IN COMMON SIMILAR RELIGIOUS BELIEFS AND POLITICAL STRUCTURES , BUT BY THE NATURE OF THE HARSH ENVIRONMENT AND OPENNESS OF THE LANDSCAPE , POLITICAL POWER WAS UNSTABLE , AND ALWAYS SUBJECT TO OVERTHROW AND INVASIONS . I N FACT , M ESOPOTAMIAN KINGS GENERALLY ONLY ACHIEVED THEIR POWER THROUGH MILITARY VICTORY , AND HELD THE OFFICE ONLY BY VIRTUE OF CONTINUED SUCCESS IN BATTLE . F OR BOTH FLOOD CONTROL AND IRRIGATION , ELABORATE SYSTEMS OF CANALS WERE BUILT USING THE
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2012 for the course ART 110 taught by Professor Sami during the Spring '11 term at Miramar College.

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AncientNearEastArt - ART OF THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST...

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