Unit Three - Emergence of Modern Nation State

Unit Three - Emergence of Modern Nation State - Unit Three...

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Unit Three Unit Three The Emergence of the Modern Nation State The Emergence of the Modern Nation State and the Peace of Westphalia, 1648 and the Peace of Westphalia, 1648 Ending the Thirty Years' War in 1648, the Peace of Westphalia is often viewed as the progenitor of modern nation-state sovereignty. The war completed the decline of the Habsburg Empire (Spain, Austria) which had already lost power in Western Europe following the revolt in the Netherlands and the defeat of the Spanish Armada. The end of Habsburg dominance altered the balance of power in Europe.
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The Peace of Westphalia, 1648 The Peace of Westphalia, 1648 Coinciding in part with the Protestant Reformation that started in 1517 AD, the Peace of Westphalia further weakened Papal authority (Pope) throughout much of Europe. Consequently, most scholars view 1648 as a turning point in history and international relations marking the transition from feudal principalities to sovereign states. After 1648, national sovereignty, characterized by autonomy and interstate competition, became the primary governing system among European states
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Thirty Years War (1618-1648) The Thirty Years' War was a religious war principally fought in Germany, where it involved most of the European powers. The conflict began between Protestants
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Unit Three - Emergence of Modern Nation State - Unit Three...

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