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101 9-18 - INDV 101 Section 57 Key terms Neutralization...

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INDV 101 Section 57 September 18, 2009
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Key terms Neutralization : phenomenon whereby two sounds, normally distinctive, are not distinguished in a certain position/environment. Ex.1: s/š in English onset clusters. We get only /s/ before /t/, /k/, /p/, /l/, /w/, %/j/, only /š/ before /r/. We say that the distinction between /s/ and /š/ is neutralized in this environment. Ex. 2: German final devoicing: Guten Tag /tak/, des Tag es /tag…/. The distinction between voiced and unvoiced stops is neutralized word- finally.
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Key terms Assimilation : phenomenon in which one sound becomes more like another adjacent one. Ex.1: voicing in clusters. The past ending ‘- ed’ /d/ becomes /t/ after an unvoiced stop or fricative: ‘kicked’ / k kt / Ex. 2: nasals in consonant clusters at the ends of syllables adopt the place of articulation of a following stop or fricative: ‘rink’ / r  k /
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Syllable structure Syllables are the ‘beats’ in a word.
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