101 10-21 - INDV 101 Oct 21 2009 Section 57 Syntax • We...

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Unformatted text preview: INDV 101 Oct. 21, 2009 Section 57 Syntax • We are now beginning our next unit: – Syntax: ‘sentence science’. • More precisely: the study of the principles that determine how words group together into phrases and sentences. Strings • Consider the sentence, – “I saw the man with the telescope.” • Here, the sentence is represented as a linear string of words. This makes sense; when we say it, we say it in that order, one word at a time. • But are sentences just strings of words? I saw the man with the telescope • First fundamental fact of syntax: constituency • Sentences aren’t just ‘one damn thing after another’ • They contain subgroupings of words, called constituents . • Evidence: the example sentence is ambiguous (two meanings: saw with scope, man with scope) • But if string order was all there was to syntax, no basis for ambiguity (it’s the same string either way). I saw the man with the telescope • Sentences have a rich ‘hidden’ structure (their constituent structure)....
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2012 for the course INDV 101 taught by Professor Walker during the Fall '07 term at Arizona.

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101 10-21 - INDV 101 Oct 21 2009 Section 57 Syntax • We...

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