101 10-21 - INDV 101 Oct. 21, 2009 Section 57 Syntax We are...

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Unformatted text preview: INDV 101 Oct. 21, 2009 Section 57 Syntax We are now beginning our next unit: Syntax: sentence science. More precisely: the study of the principles that determine how words group together into phrases and sentences. Strings Consider the sentence, I saw the man with the telescope. Here, the sentence is represented as a linear string of words. This makes sense; when we say it, we say it in that order, one word at a time. But are sentences just strings of words? I saw the man with the telescope First fundamental fact of syntax: constituency Sentences arent just one damn thing after another They contain subgroupings of words, called constituents . Evidence: the example sentence is ambiguous (two meanings: saw with scope, man with scope) But if string order was all there was to syntax, no basis for ambiguity (its the same string either way). I saw the man with the telescope Sentences have a rich hidden structure (their constituent structure)....
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101 10-21 - INDV 101 Oct. 21, 2009 Section 57 Syntax We are...

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