101 10-30 - INDV 101 October 30, 2009 Section 57 More...

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INDV 101 October 30, 2009 Section 57
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More tree-drawing Let’s start with a simple noun phrase (NP) That hideously ugly dog. First thing: determine word class. dog is an N (the dog; dogs , etc.) hideously & ugly are A (ugliest , very hideously, etc.) that is a D(eterminer). How do we know? It is in complementary distribution with other determiners like the & a : *the that dog
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D A A N that hideously ugly dog The whole thing is an NP. We’re talking about a kind of dog (not a kind of ugly, etc.); dog is the head . So, we can already draw a bit of the tree: NP D A A N that hideously ugly dog The D will connect directly to the NP as well.
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One wrong way to do it Now we need to figure out what to do with the As. They can’t go straight into the NP… why not? Every word X must project its own phrase XP (D is our only exception, so far). So, each one has to have an AP. Does it look like this? NP AP AP NO! D A A N that hideously ugly dog
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What’s wrong with that tree? It certainly follows all the rules; other trees look exactly like that. For example, it would be the right tree structure for ‘ the ugly black dog Such a dog is both ugly , and black . In other words, both As modify the head N.
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2012 for the course INDV 101 taught by Professor Walker during the Fall '07 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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101 10-30 - INDV 101 October 30, 2009 Section 57 More...

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