101 test review

101 test review - Key terms/concepts Assimilation....

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Key terms/concepts Assimilation . Phenomenon in which one sound becomes more similar to another (usually adjacent) sound. Technically, features of the affected sound are lost and replaced by those of the nearby sound. Example: English past tense ending –ed /d/ assimilates the voicing feature of preceding sounds in a coda cluster. Thus, kick /k ɪ k/ + -ed /d/ yields /k ɪ kt/ Distinctive Feature . If any two sounds are distinguished solely by have differing values for the same feature, that feature is said to be distinctive. Example: tense/lax is a distinctive feature, since /e/ and / ɛ / differ only in that feature. On the other hand, roundness is not a distinctive feature for English vowels: no two sounds are distinguished by roundness alone. Neutralization . Phenomenon in which, in a certain environment, two phonemes which are distinct elsewhere lose their distinction. Example: German final devoicing. The word Tag /tag/ ‘day’ is pronounced as /tak/, even though German treats /g/ and /k/ as distinct sounds elsewhere.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 3

101 test review - Key terms/concepts Assimilation....

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online