W_Barbosa_HCM350_human exp

W_Barbosa_HCM350_human exp - Medical Experimentation Wesley...

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Medical Experimentation Wesley Barbosa CSU Global Medical Experimentation Medical experimentation has come a long way over the years. It is necessary to conduct medical experimentation and drug testing on humans for a variety of reasons. The United States has had different organizations to regulate human experimentation over the years, some of these include The World Medical Association (WMA), National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects in Biomedical and Behavioral Research , American Psychological Association
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(APA), The Department of Defense (DOD), The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), The Department of Bioethics and the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The regulating organizations have many guidelines and take many different measures to ensure the safety of people in human testing. In 1906 the first ethical regulations regarding the use of human experimentation were put in place when the Pure Food and Drug Act were passed. “There were no consumer regulations, no Food and Drug Administration (FDA), no Common Rule, and no Institutional Review Board (IRB). What follows is a brief discussion of why federal rules and regulations were established and why the IRB became a necessity.” (UNLV 2011) This marked the start of many regulations to come to protect people in human experimentation. In 1948 the Nuremberg code was established after the American military opened criminal proceedings against 23 leading German physicians and administrators for their crimes against humanity. The Nuremberg code stated “"The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential," making it clear those subjects should give consent and that the benefits of research must outweigh the risks.” (UNLV 2011) This code was the first international guideline recommending voluntary participation and informed consent.
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W_Barbosa_HCM350_human exp - Medical Experimentation Wesley...

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