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Chapter Twelve - Globalization and Political Systems

Chapter Twelve - Globalization and Political Systems -...

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Chapter Twelve Globalization and Political Systems
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There are three types of government… democracies, autocracies and theocracies
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Democracies A system of government that represents the will of the governed “…by the people, for the people..” qv. Abraham Lincoln. Based on the rule of law versus the will of either a powerful individual or group. Characterized by a dispersion of powers to prevent the concentration of power in any one branch or to any one individual or group. Numerous “checks and balances” built into the constitution Periodic elections at regular intervals Multiple parties
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Forms of democracy Presidential : the direct election by popular majority of a president who becomes both the head of state and head of government (e.g. France, U.S.). Parliamentary : the leader of the party winning the majority of the popular vote becomes the head of government. The position of head of state which is held by someone else – a president in a republic (e.g. India, Germany), or royalty in a constitutional monarchy (e.g. UK, Norway) – is largely ceremonial and symbolic. Party leaders are chosen by elected members of parliament, not the general populace (cf. a primary race in the U.S. for example).
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Different categories of democracy as typified by: The U.S. model of market democracy Typified as a style of democracy with the least government intervention.
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