CLAS Exam2 study guide

CLAS Exam2 study guide - HERMES Hermes: son of Zeus and...

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HERMES Hermes: son of Zeus and Maia, born on Earth in a cave and dwelled in the cave, represent a different socioeconomic voice –the lower class, the poor (as opposed to aristocracy). Creation of Hermes shows an economic change in Greece. He is really obsessed with money and wealth. Steals Apollo’s 12 cattle (sibling rivalry), steal cattle = steal wealth. But he sacrificed the cattle to the gods. Invented the first lyre out of the tortoise He is the messenger who His caduceus (the wand with image of a tree and two serpents) symbolizes life. Apollo gave Hermes caduceus in exchange of lyre. Apollo give Hermes a new job instead of being a thief messenger ( angelos )- deliver messages from gods to humans, guides souls to Hades. Heaven Earth Hades and back again Contrast with Hestia : Hermes is always on the move, always outside travelling (masculine trait) while Hestia always stays home, inside and immobile (feminine trait) Also contrast with Apollo : Apollo is Mr. Rule and Regulation, represents a higher class in society, Hermes represents a lower class. Herm - a boundary stone at the doorstep, touching the penis of Hermes’ sculpture when going outside for good luck Trickster figure - a mythological archetype that uses wit and planning rather than physical strength to gain something. Tricksters emerge to represent a different socioeconomic voice—the lower class in the Ancient Greece contrary to its aristocracy. Argeiphontes ("Slayer of Argos" = Hermes) HADES AND THE AFTERLIFE Hades ("Unseen")- God of the underworld. Also known as “dis” and “Pluto” (wealth) Persephone -Daughter of Demeter and Zeus, kidnapped and forced to be the wife of Hades. Demeter, goddess of seasons because only when Persephone’s visits her for half a year does she permit the crops to grow, the other half of the year is winter. Tartaros : Where the condemned are kept for punishment. “Left” of the Y House of the Damned Elysium : for the good and honored, “Right” of the Y “The groves of the blessedness” Styx, Lethe, Acheron (in the underworld): River of Invulnerability, River of Forget, River of Pain Charon : The boatmen who ferries souls across the River of Styx. Aeneas gives him a golden branch to cross the river Cerberus : The three headed guard dog Erinyes/Furies : guard Tartaros Morpheus : son of Sleep, god of dreams, visits sleepers in human shape sometimes carrying messages from the dead Thanatos (Death) : tricked by Sisyphus Tantalus : served his son Pelops as a meal to gods, Demeter ate Pelops’ shoulder. Punishment: stand in water but unable to drink, have fruit hung over his head but unable to eat.
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Sisyphus : the ultimate trickster, cheated death twice, first time tricked Thanatos into his own shackles and second time told his wife not to bury him and he also chains death. Punishment: push a rock up a hill when it keeps rolling down Ixion : lusted after Hera. Punishment: attached to a spinning wheel Vergil : author of The Aeneid
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2012 for the course CLAS 170 taught by Professor Staley during the Fall '07 term at Maryland.

  • Fall '07
  • STALEY
  • The Odyssey, The Iliad, Oedipus Rex, Humanity, War, Eating, Armor, Achilles, Hector, Agamemnon, Priam, Thetis, Paris, Patroclus, Aeneas, Apollo, Athena, Helen, Hera, Menelaus, Odysseus, Poseidon, Zeus, Homecoming, Odysseus, Penelope, Athena, Zeus, Poseidon, Achilles, Anticleia, Calypso, Circe, Hermes, Menelaus, Mentor, Sirens, Tiresias

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CLAS Exam2 study guide - HERMES Hermes: son of Zeus and...

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