Antigone ("Against Birth")
Tragic heroine who isolates herself from womanhood and humanity altogether
She rejected the socially correct role laid out for women. By rejected marriage and
womanhood altogether, Antigone really is transforming to a masculine figure. Greek
myths don’t make female more important than male authority, so even though she
becomes a masculine figure, her interest was still defending for a man, her brother.
Embraces death, marries death
obsession with law and order, King of Thebes
wife of Orpheus, got bit by a snake and went to the underworld
Eteocles and Polyneices
– brothers of Antigone, quarreled over the rule of Thebes and
killed each other.
son of Creon, Antigone’s fiance, killed himself after Antigone died
Antigone’s sister, timid to bury Polyneices at first, later offered to help but was
rejected by Antigone
blind prophet who kept appearing in the plays to warn Thebes’s kings
"Help your friends, hurt your enemies"
Heroine as: helper-maiden, hero-impersonator, and bride of death
-wife of Tereus, avenaged on her husband by killing their son and served it as
a meal to Tereus.
– raped Philomela, his wife’s sister, and cut Philomela’s tongue out
– weaves the crim to inform her sister about the rape
Procne and Tereus’s poor son, killed and cooked
No one believes her words. An example of women telling myth.
tells tales about men and their glories designed for a male audience
protective mother, make her son a hero, support men
kill her son as resentment toward husband Jason. Women revenge and
becomes irrational monsters when they are denied equality and justice
”without a breast”. Women in control, equivalent to men
play in which the enchanted mother torn her son apart thinking it was a lion
scultpted the perfect woman and fell in the love with her, prayed to Venus
to turn the statue to a real woman
is Pygmalion’s statue, turned into a real woman and married Pygmalion
Woder Woman, the Amazon Princess
the only married Amazon, became wife of
(king of Athens) when
went to rob
Amazons’ attack on Athens to get back
the girdle and Antiope
Amazon queen who fought bravely in the Trojan War
– how the society of Amazons is ruled by women. Fathers and male
children are not important. This upset the Greeks who had patriarchy.
the warrior princess
the role Amazons played in Athenian ideology and propaganda
Put Amazons in America to represent a distant new land away from the Greek world
an Athenia playwright, wrote the play Medea
granddaughter of sun god Helios, married Jason but was betrayed, killed their
son to revenge on Jason