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Unformatted text preview: 9/2/11- Constitutional amendments. Bill of rights comprises the first ten amendments to the Constitution. o Civil rights cannot be deprived of you o Civil Liberties are granted by the government and they can be restricted from you by the government o You have the right to civilly disobey o Restricts realm of action of Fed. Government o 14 th amendment: states must abide to federal laws and Bill of Rights o Govt. never promotes economic equality - Sources of Law in the American System of Government o American system based on the rule of law Law wins every time All political parties make policy via law making o Law takes many forms Product of social forces o Law evolves in the process of “normal” policymaking o Evolution of the law is a response to broader political and Constitutional change from above, as well as constituting a bottom-up pathway for political and social change 9/9/11- Unitary govt: only one government institution- Confederate: central govt very weak with lots of small govts- Federal: national govt and subnational govts. National law is supreme 9/12/11- Federalism, Separation of Powers, and American Political Institution o Fiscal federalism o Devolution- fed govt tells states to handle business o Federal grant system Categorical • Specific project given by fed (very strict guidelines) Block • Broad purposes mostly unspecified $460 billion total given (2010) Unfunded mandates • Fed gives instructions but grants no money toward the project • States might challenge in courts- Congress: Major functions o Parallel processing of policy problems and issues (addresses multiple issues at once) o Institutionalization of latent (hidden) interests. Committees in congress represent these interests. o Congress is the body that brings together interest groups and integrates them with political and administrative machinery of government. Interest groups and bureaucracies (policy making) Iron triangle consists of IG, Bureaucracy, and Committee o Informational hub of governing system Congress spends a lot of time gathering info o Oversight of the President Congressional committees can tell anyone what to do and they have to abide Test 2 9/21/11- The Presidency o Bureaucrat in Chief o Implementing (carry out) public policy- including laws passed by congress and the decisions of the Federal Judiciary o Vast powers for coordinating policy across disparate issues o Policymaking at the broadest level (big reform) o Head of State and dominates foreign policy o Political and administrative lines of authority (day to day) o “issue myopia” Focuses on issues confronting government at one time- The federal Judiciary o Establishes constitutionality of policy o Broad authority for reform o Political variation equal to that of congress Republicans and democrats on bench o More political than they’d have us believe o Works on the basis of precedent o Concern is with the process of establishing authority and making policy, rather than the content of...
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2012 for the course GOV 310L taught by Professor Kieth during the Fall '07 term at University of Texas.
- Fall '07