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GEOG 1000 - Lecture 3 - Jan. 11, 2012

GEOG 1000 - Lecture 3 - Jan. 11, 2012 - -Forests as a...

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Forests in Southeast Asia - 70 percent of South East Asia was covered with forests - Famous for the orang-utan - Forests were inhabited - “Hunter-gatherers” - Penan defend rainforest from being bulldozed - Farmers in the forest - Primitive people - Rainforests - Swidden fields - The nutrients are in the vegetation - Biological diversity - Tree plantations: palm oil, eucalyptus, rubber - Palm oil, biofuel - Dutch gave up quickly - Dutch and French sent in armies to stop independence movements - Indonesia against the French - Resistant movement emerged by communist parties - Went to the forests - After the war many of these parties wanted to be independent - Launched insurgencies - Forests became very important - Forests provided good hiding places - Jungle based insurgencies - Malayan Emergency - Indochina wars - Khmer rouge insurgency - Java and elsewhere: regional and Islamic rebellions - Java and Sumatra - Thai communist party
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Unformatted text preview: -Forests as a resource-Think of forests as a place where you can get resources to stimulate the economy-Government needs to have complete control of that forest-People territorialized the forest-Forest reservation-Demarcate a territory-Nobody else living there or using the forest-Set up a department that is devoted to doing that-Generally failed-Many of these forests were occupied by communists-Logging companies didn’t follow the rules and regulations-Protect biodiversity-Two different kinds of landscapes-Homogenized tree plantations-Nature-What you should know: why forests are important in south east asia, forests as inhabited and farmed and why governments and many conservationists try to stop forest farming, reasons for deforestation, forests as jungle as resource as nature, how forest landscapes are being remade...
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