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Unformatted text preview: Colonizing “Africa” and the creation of poverty and wealth Early Colonial Interaction - Between the 1400s up until the 1800s there was very little European contact in Africa due to malaria and strong African armies- Exception is the Dutch- Very little of Africa was colonized in 1878- Colonialism meant that Europeans took direct settling and control of the land Colonization Begins - Rationale – “civilization”/ Christianity - Europeans thought they needed to “save their souls”- Civilizing mission was very explicitly racist- Commerce – colonies = new markets- Colonies become a new place to sell goods- Colonies means access to natural resources- Ambitious plans- Imperial rivalries – Europeans begin to fight amongst themselves Imperial Rivalry and the “scramble for Africa”- Imperial rivalry intensifies by the 1880s - The Berlin Conference – 13 European leaders went to Berlin to agree on the rules of what counts as effective colonization - “Principle of Effectivity” – list of rules that if you can establish that you have...
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2012 for the course GEOG 1000 taught by Professor Steveneflusty during the Spring '08 term at York University.
- Spring '08