Autism - CHILDHOOD PSYCHOPATHOLOGY November 22, 2011...

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1 CHILDHOOD PSYCHOPATHOLOGY November 22, 2011 PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS Moshe R. Manheim LCSW The Marcus Autism Center
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2 PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS: AUTISM History of Autism Current Definitions and Diagnostic Criteria Co-Morbidity Incidence Treatment Research Summary
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3 Autism Autism is a complex brain disorder that inhibits a person's ability to communicate and develop social relationships , and is often accompanied by extreme behavioral challenges . Autism spectrum disorders are diagnosed in one in 100 children in the United States, affecting four times as many boys as girls. Autism Speaks Website.
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4 History of Autism 1801 by the French physician Jean Marc Gaspard Itard (1774-1838) in 1791 whose account of a twelve year old boy (the Sauvage de l’Aveyron) who had lived for 12 years in a forest seemingly with no human contact. He was unable to learn language and may have been the first reported case of autism. More widely accepted is that language acquisition is best accomplished in early childhood.
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5 History of Autism Described by Dr. Leo Kanner in 1943 from John’s Hopkins. He noted 1. An inability to form relationships 2. Extreme aloofness 3. Repeated simple patterns of play 4. A delay in speech development 5. Non communicative use of speech
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6 History of Autism Described by Michael Rutter in 1968 1. Lack of social interest and responsiveness 2. Impaired language ranging from absence of speech to peculiar speech patterns 3. Bizarre motor behavior, ranging from rigid and limited plan patterns to more complex ritualistic and compulsive behavior 4. Early onset before 30 months
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History of Autism In 1984, the DSM III included Autism and PDD NOS as the only two diagnoses in the PDD category. Today there are 5:
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2012 for the course PSYCH 2230 taught by Professor Bleeder during the Fall '11 term at Harvard.

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Autism - CHILDHOOD PSYCHOPATHOLOGY November 22, 2011...

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