Psy100 Textbook note chapter1 pt1

Psy100 Textbook note chapter1 pt1 - Chapter 1 Introduction...

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Chapter 1: Introduction to Psychological Science Intro: Case1: Robert Dzikanski in airport Emotion, memory, decision making, social interaction, cultural differences, prejudice, group behavior, mental trauma Officers were acted like “responding to a barroom brawl” Not justified in using teasers What we want to study about the case: o Emotion state decision making o Frustration with not being understood aggressive outbursts o o Prejudice group behavior/ beliefs Case2: Amadou DIallo in font of house Racial attitudes (stereotypes) Brain imaging: assessing changes in metabolic activity in the brain, i.e. noting where blood flows as people process info Amygdala : detecting threats, activation indicates a fear response using functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI) Implicit Attitudes Test (IAT) : measures reaction time, indirectly assesses how people associate positive and negative words with certain groups of people *Increasing familiarity reduces fear response reduce prejudice, discrimination The goal for psychology today is to understand people by considering both: - Individual factors: how a person’s brain processes information about others - Contextual factors: how societal beliefs shape how we behave toward other ppl Fundamental aspects of behaviour : biological, individual, social Psychological science:
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-Mind- Mental activities, perceptual experiences a person has while interacting with the world (senses) -Memory, thoughts, feelings = mind in action -Biological process of actions of nerve cells (neurons)~chemical reactions -Brain- Mind is what the brain does, physical brain enables mind -Behavior -wide variety of actions in all organisms -Observing mind in action -> study mental states (consciousness) Psychological scientists : try to figure out “how people tick”, how people think, feel and act What are the 7 THEMES of Psychological science? 1. Psychology is an empirical science Scientific method- use objective, systematic procedure -> accurate understanding of what is being studied Careful observations of natural world Good science (well-conducted research) V.S. bad science (flawed research) 2. Are psychological characteristics 1 biological innate or
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Psy100 Textbook note chapter1 pt1 - Chapter 1 Introduction...

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