ch3+seventh+edition

ch3+seventh+edition - Federalism and Intergovernmental...

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Unformatted text preview: Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations Chapter 3 Federalism • Federalism—a system of government where two governments share power over the same people • Phases of federalism • Dual federalism 1787–1932 • Cooperative federalism 1933-1963 • Centralized federalism 1964-1980 • New federalism 1981-1992 • Empathetic federalism 1993-2000 • Pragmatic federalism 2001- Constitutional Developments • Framers of the U.S. Constitution struggled with the balance between the national government and the states • Articles of Confederation a failure • Too much democracy • Too little power for national government • The US Constitution allocated power between the two levels of government enumerating the respective powers of each: • Article VI—the federal constitution “supreme law of land” • Article I, Section 8—the “elastic clause “(implied powers) • Concurrent powers – applicable to both the national and state governments (taxation, make and enforce laws, etc., p.53) Article I Section 8 Congress shall have the Power... To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof. This has been also called the "necessary and proper clause." Constitutional Developments • Federal powers: coin money, conduct foreign relations, regulate foreign and interstate commerce, declare war, provide for national defense, etc. • State powers: establish local governments, regulate intrastate commerce, ratify amendments, take measures for health and public safety, execute other powers not prohibited by national constitution • Concurrent powers: tax, establish courts, enforce laws, spend and borrow money Constitutional Developments...
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2012 for the course POL 2101 taught by Professor Rowe during the Spring '11 term at Georgia Tech.

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ch3+seventh+edition - Federalism and Intergovernmental...

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