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ch4+seventh+edition - Charters and Constitutions Chapter 4...

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Charters and Constitutions Chapter 4
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First State Constitutions: Individual Rights, Weak Executive Powers First state constitutions were modifications of  the colonial charters Strong legislative branch Weak executive branch Bill of rights included
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The Federal Constitution: Strengthened National Government Strengthened the national government at the  expense of the states Replaced the weak Articles of Confederation
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Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Last act of the Congress under the Articles  of Confederation Created a framework for adding new states  to the nation—on basis of equality Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin  were added
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Northwest Ordinance of 1787 (continued) Congress creates a territory  Congress then appoints a governor, secretary,  and three judges When population reaches 5,000 free  inhabitants, territory elects legislature and  governor  Territory can apply for statehood when: 1.  Has 60,000 “free inhabitants” 2. Adopts state constitution acceptable to Congress Legacy :  New states adopt constitutions similar to those of  first states
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Sovereignty States of Louisiana Purchase and West Slave states v. free states Missouri Compromise of 1820 Missouri a slave state, Maine a free state No slavery in rest of Louisiana Purchase
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ch4+seventh+edition - Charters and Constitutions Chapter 4...

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