This is a brief summary of the linguistic, political, social, economic, religious, and familial
status of the Cuban American, Mexican American, Puerto Rican American, and Central/South
American ethnic groups.
Cuban Americans, Mexican Americans, Puerto Rican Americans, and Central/South Americans
all have very much in common, yet remain separate ethnic groups, descended from various ancestors.
Many come to the United States for political asylum.
Others were looking to escape poor social or
In 2006, the United States Census Bureau estimated that more than 44 million
people or 14.3% of the population was Hispanic.
Nearly half of the Hispanic population in this country
lives either in California or Texas (US Census Bureau, 2008).
The Cubans exiled from the Caribbean Island after the 1959 revolution changed Miami, Florida
into what many have deemed the capital of Latin America.
During the Cold War many political
refugees sought asylum in the United States where they live happily and have accepted the benefits
The Cuban Americans significantly changed many things in Miami, including reversing the
typical progression of assuming American culture and societal assimilation.
Instead of replacing
Spanish with English and assimilating American cultures, they brought about what has been termed
“reversed acculturation,” meaning Miami residents had to become accustomed to the Cuban
economical impact and political domination.
However, unlike the Cuban immigrants Haitian
immigrants, derogatively referred to as “the boat people,” faced insurmountable racism and alienation
for their into the United States.
Haitian immigrants changed the typical assimilation by concealing
their heritage and adapting the dress and attitudes of the African American inner city youths (Cato,