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Poli Developing Areas notes

Poli Developing Areas notes - Developing Areas Poli 227...

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Developing Areas: Poli 227: Class 2: What is the Developing World? January 11 th , 2012: Previously: - First world: united with the United States -Second world: communist world -3 rd world: developing countries -Nicks: Newly industrialized countries: Asian tigers, Brazil country -LDC: Less developed countries -GNI, GDP, GNP -pb: It can obscures as much as it reveals: doesn’t reflect differences in purchasing powers. -Ex: Canada vs. Mumbai -PPP figure: Purchasing power: That’s what that income would be worth in another country for ex (US). -Also, doesn’t sometimes cover all the population but merely an elite segment of the population: Not the average of what people have, its an average income for the country as a whole. -HDI: Human development index: Birth, education, Income: Much more revealing of economic inequality or equality. Heterogeneity of the third world: -Geography -Population -Political systems -Economic development Class 3: Approaches to the Study of Third World Politics: Friday January 14 th , 2011 -No class next Friday What does (most) of the developing world have in common? -Colonial experience (not all of them): decades vs, centuries, experience can be different. -Borders of the planet, existence of countries: function of colonial rule: fundamental realities of colonial experience shapes the global politics of today. Developing world: economic development -socio-economic challenges -lower levels of industrialization -poorer social conditions -imperatives of economic growth (and redistribution?)
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Weaker state structures: -less effective institutions -political instability -problems of national integration : borders created by colonial powers -imperatives of state-building: state apparatus capable of governing over the state: less of a challenge for US, Canada, or Norway… ) -lack of international power and leverage -subordinate integration in global economy What is political science: descriptive + analytical -what leads to certain types of behavior? -theory: simplifying reality Methodology: -Experimental method: Rarely usable in political science Statistical method: -large-n -problems of data and relevance Comparative method: -small-n, qualitative -less generalizable Single case study: -least generalizable Comparative politics: -commonality and diversity -using case studies and comparisons to tease out the causal relationship between variables. Theoretical approaches: There are a variety of major sets of theoretical approaches to the study of comparative politics: -Modernization or developmental approaches -Dependency or underdevelopment approaches -Institutionalist approaches -Rational choice approaches -Political culture approaches Vague and overlapping boundaries, considerable eclecticism -paradigms much less clearly demarcated than in IR Developmental approach: -emphasizes historical process of of interrelated social changes-modernization: Expansion of education Growth in communication and transportation
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Economic change, industrialization Social and cultural change Political systems change: monarchies to more participatory systems Class 4:January 17 th , 2012:
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