chfd reading chapter 18 - Chapter 18: Aging families Our...

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Chapter 18: Aging families Our aging population not only did the number of elderly increased, but also their proportion of the total U.S. Population aging baby boomers baby boom: high birthrate after WWII along with the impact of the baby boomers' aging and the declining proportion of children in the population, longer life expectancy has contributed to the aging of our population longer life expectancy younger old (65-74) older old (75-84) old-old (85+) gender and life expectancy women have higher life expectancy than men women are more likely to be widowed—and poor in old age—than are men gap is narrowing race/ethnicity and life expectancy whites have higher life expectancy than blacks whites have higher incomes and lower poverty rates than blacks better health due to access to better preventive health care and are less likely to work in hazardous environments educational advantage can also be explained by genetics and by discrimination in health care two family consequences of longer life expectancy because more generations are alive at once, we increasingly have opportunities to maintain ties with grandparents on average, Americans spend more years near the end of their lives with chronic health problems active life expectancy: the period of life free of disability in activities of daily living, after which may follow a period of being at least somewhat disabled racial/ethnic composition of the older American population non-Hispanic whites in the U.S. are older than other racial/ethnic categories living arrangements of older Americans a lot of them live alone but are usually within a close distance of relatives or only a phone call away both adult children and their parents prefer to live near one another, although not in the same residence gender differences in older Americans' living arrangements life expectancy → older men are much more likely to be living with their spouse than are older women racial/ethnic differences in older Americans' living arrangements Asian and central and south American immigrant parents are more likely than non- Hispanic whites to reside with adult children who provide most of the household income African Americans, Asian Americans and Hispanics are far more likely to live with people other than their spouse → social obligations and economic necessity
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aging in today's economy social security benefits, private pensions from employers, personal savings and social welfare programs designed to meet the needs of the poor and disabled retired spend more of their incomes on health care older women's finances median income of 65+ men are higher than their female counterparts men averaged higher earnings than women older women did not begin to save for retirement as early as men did spousal allowance: one half of her husband's benefits
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2012 for the course CHFD 2100 taught by Professor Simons during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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chfd reading chapter 18 - Chapter 18: Aging families Our...

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