Lecture 9 (2-23)

Lecture 9 (2-23) - (e.g in therapy Scientific evidence on...

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1 Ch 5 cnt d RETRIEVAL cnt d Biased Recall Consistency, Change, Egocentrism Positivity bias Were the good ole days always so good? Misattribution Remembering info but not its source o E.g, recog someone but not remember from where; have a memory but unsure if it was from your life, a dream, or TV show. FORGETTING Sources of Forgetting Poor Encoding Decay/Transience Gradual decay of info over time. Retrieval Failure Interference Proactive: Prior learned info disrupts learning new info Retroactive: New info disrupts recall of old info. Repression (Freud) Distressing thoughts/feelings/experiences believed to be unconsciously pushed out of awareness. Repressed/False Memory Controversy Repressed memories for events considered so horrific or frightening they are repressed, & often “recovered” later in life
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Unformatted text preview: (e.g., in therapy). Scientific evidence on repression not strong. Memory is reconstructed ─ Brain doesn’t passively record info, it actively alters & organizes it. False memories have been created; innocent people have been accused ─ Doesn’t mean person is “lying,” or isn’t really suffering Memories of things happening before age of 3 are unreliable 2 But abuse DOES happen — have to be careful not to automatically disbelieve everyone. CLIVE WEARING BIOLOGY OF MEMORY Structural Aspects Where in the brain is memory stored? Hippocampus Frontal & Temporal Lobes Amygdala Cerebellum Biochemical Aspects Stressful events can alter creation of memories ─ stress hormones- can improve/strengthen implicit, while weakening explicit memories...
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