Lecture 12 (3-16)

Lecture 12 (3-16) - UNIT 2 Ch 7 & Ch 15 (see Reading...

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UNIT 2 Ch 7 & Ch 15 (see Reading Agenda) Critical Thinking & Reasoning As a follow-up to our discussion of IQ and g , we’ll discuss several habits of thinking that can improve or compromise our everyday judgments. This info (along with all you’ll learn about psychology and research in this course) is designed to make you a more critical consumer of information you encounter. COGNITIVE DISSONANCE Discomfort or tension that exists when there’s a conflict between our beliefs and/or behavior Festinger & Carlsmith (1959) Two groups bribed to say the enjoyed a boring task The group paid less money later claimed to enjoy it more. Why? To avoid guilt about deceiving others, they convinced themselves it wasn’t really that boring. The $20 group had so much external motivation to lie, they didn’t need to reduce their guilt Heuristic A “cognitive shortcut” or rule of thumb used to make judgments & solve problems
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2012 for the course PSYC 001 taught by Professor Rozin during the Fall '07 term at UPenn.

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Lecture 12 (3-16) - UNIT 2 Ch 7 & Ch 15 (see Reading...

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