Lecture 14 (3-23)

Lecture 14 (3-23) - Ch 10 cntd Psychology Theory of Mind...

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1 tasks beyond child's ability Zone of Proximal Development child's current abilities Ch 1 0 cnt’d Psychology Theory of Mind Ability to understand that one’s self and other people have mental states (e.g. thoughts, beliefs, wishes), about the world, which may differ from reality or from others. To realize "others may not know what I know." The “Maxi” Task RECAP PIAGET Pros Formalized the concepts of schemas/assim/accom, obj. perm, Viewing children as diff qualitatively rather than just diff in degrees Introduced idea that children are active, constructive thinkers His sequence of stages generally correct Cons Overemphasized discrete stages Many of his skills were language-dependent Might have understimated children ….and overestimated adolescents/adults Failed to appreciate individ & cultural diffs VYGOTSKY Interested in cultural/social influences on learning Believed change more gradual What could the child do if given a little help or guidance, that the child could NOT do
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Lecture 14 (3-23) - Ch 10 cntd Psychology Theory of Mind...

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